Taxonomy

Order Scombriformes (mackerels and relatives), household Scombridae (mackerels and tunas)

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The Atlantic bluefin tuna is among the open ocean’s fastest, the strongest predators and also the target of several small- and large-scale fisheries transparent its range. Historically getting to weights of as much as 2000 pounds (900 kg) and also lengths of virtually 15 feet (4.6 m), the Atlantic bluefin tuna is the biggest tuna and easily the largest types in the mackerel family. Atlantic bluefin tuna eat a range of prey yet apparently choose pelagic fishes and also invertebrates the they can swallow whole.

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Like many open ocean bony fishes, Atlantic bluefin tuna start out as incredibly tiny larvae, no an ext than a couple of millimeters long and also weighing just a few hundredths the a gram.Within 3 to 5 years, people reach lengths of three feet (1 m) and also are sexually mature.Because Atlantic bluefin tunas undergo such an amazing revolution in dimension (from being nearly microscopic to being among the biggest open s predators), lock eat a wide range of food throughout their lifetimes.At a young age, lock eat small zooplankton, and their prey boosts in size as they do.As adults, they eat fairly big bony fishes and invertebrates.Similarly, Atlantic bluefin tuna are eaten by a wide variety of predators.When castle are recently hatched, lock are consumed by other fishes that specialization on eat plankton.At that life stage, your numbers are diminished dramatically.Those that survive face a steady increase in the dimension of their predators.Adult Atlantic Bluefin are not consumed by anything various other than the really largest billfishes, toothed whales, and some open ocean shark species.

Bluefin Tuna are recognized to be highly migratory, with people making lengthy migrations every year.These migrations correspond v their spawning behavior and with your food needs.This types reproduces via transfer spawning, where numerous females and also several males release countless eggs and sperm into the water pillar at the exact same time.This an approach increases the likelihood that the eggs will be fertilized and also decreases the opportunities that they will certainly be eaten by egg predators.There room at least two known populations of Atlantic bluefin tuna, one the reproduces in the Gulf of Mexico and one that reproduces in the Mediterranean Sea.Some researchers believe that the Mediterranean populace actually represents two populations (one in the west and also one in the eastern plus the black Sea).This further division has some effects for fisheries management, due to the fact that the fish in the east Mediterranean are typically considered an ext of a conservation concern than those in the west Mediterranean.

Though nearly all fishes space cold blooded, Atlantic Bluefin have a dedicated blood vessel framework – called a countercurrent exchanger – that allows them to keep a body temperature the is higher than the surrounding water.This adaptation gives them v a significant advantage when searching in cold water, by allowing them to move much more quickly and intelligently.The Atlantic bluefin tuna is one of the faster swimmers in the ocean.Like part shark species, Atlantic Bluefin should constantly swim.In bespeak to acquire oxygen from the water, fishes pass water over their gills.The tunas absence the ability to carry out so while stopped, so they need to continuously swim forward v their mouths open up to store their blood oxygenated.

The Atlantic bluefin tuna is a very prized food fish and also is fished greatly throughout its range.Its value in the high-grade sushi industry in Japan and elsewhere is high sufficient to reason fishers come target this types with almost unmatched effort.Scientists think the species to be intimidated (highly breakable to extinction), however fisheries managers proceed to allow commercial fishing to target it.While the Atlantic Bluefin was formerly common in the black Sea and also off the coastline of Brazil, it has actually not been observed in far-ranging numbers in one of two people of those places for numerous decades.As a an outcome of these and other losses, the Atlantic bluefin tuna has actually experienced the largest variety contraction of any kind of open s species.Early indications indicate that recent strong management regulations might be enabling populations come rebound, but continued conservation and management efforts are compelled to certain that much more subpopulations are not lost.

Note on closely related species:For many years, bluefin tunas roughly the north hemisphere to be assumed to every be one species.Scientists have recognized southern Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus maccoyii) as a distinct varieties for quite some time, but the northern species was split only in the last decade.Now, the Atlantic bluefin tuna and also the Pacific Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus orientalis) space generally considered to be distinctive species.

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Fun Facts around Atlantic Bluefin Tuna

1. Atlantic bluefin tuna are the biggest tuna species. The west Atlantic share reaches a maximum length of 13 (4 m) feet and also weight of 2,000 pounds (907 kg),1 if the east Atlantic stock reaches a maximum size of 15 feet (4.6 m).2

2. Atlantic bluefin tuna deserve to live because that 35 years, perhaps longer.2

3. female Atlantic bluefin tuna produce up come 10 million eggs a year. Eggs hatch 2 work after being fertilized.

4. Atlantic bluefin tuna are peak predators, feeding ~ above fish such as herring and mackerel together adults.

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5. Atlantic bluefin tuna room characteristically torpedo-shaped with brief pectoral fins and also a dark red dorsal fin.1

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