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uterus, additionally called womb, an turning back pear-shaped muscular body organ of the female reproductive system, located between the bladder and the rectum. It attributes to nourish and house a fertilized egg until the fetus, or offspring, is prepared to be delivered.

The uterus has actually four major regions: the fundus is the large curved top area in which the fallopian tubes connect to the uterus; the body, the main part of the uterus, starts directly below the level the the fallopian tubes and continues downward till the uterine walls and also cavity begin to narrow; the isthmus is the lower, narrow neck region; and also the shortest section, the cervix, extends bottom from the isthmus till it opens right into the vagina. The uterus is 6 come 8 centimeter (2.4 come 3.1 inches) long; its wall surface thickness is approximately 2 to 3 cm (0.8 to 1.2 inches). The broad of the body organ varies; that is generally about 6 cm broad at the fundus and also only half this distance at the isthmus. The uterine cavity opens right into the vaginal cavity, and also the two make up what is frequently known together the birth canal.



The uterus, or womb, is shaped prefer an turning back pear. The is a hollow, muscular body organ with special walls, and it has a glandular...

Lining the uterine cavity is a moist mucous membrane known as the endometrium. The lining alters in thickness throughout the expression cycle, being thickest during the period of egg release from the ovaries (see ovulation). If the egg is fertilized, the attaches come the special endometrial wall of the uterus and also begins developing. If the egg is unfertilized, the endometrial wall sheds its external layer of cells; the egg and excess tissue space then passed from the body throughout menstrual bleeding. The endometrium likewise produces secretions that aid keep both the egg and also the sperm cells alive. The components of the endometrial fluid include water, iron, potassium, sodium, chloride, glucose (a sugar), and also proteins. Glucose is a nutrient to the reproductive cells, while proteins help with implantation of the fertilized egg. The other constituents administer a an ideal environment because that the egg and sperm cells.

The uterine wall is consisted of of 3 layers that muscle tissue. The muscle fibres run longitudinally, circularly, and obliquely, entwined in between connective organization of blood vessels, elastic fibres, and also collagen fibres. This solid muscle wall expands and also becomes diluent as a child develops inside the uterus. After ~ birth, the expanded uterus return to the normal size in around six come eight weeks; that dimensions, however, are about 1 cm (0.4 inch) larger in all directions than before childbearing. The uterus is likewise slightly heavier and the uterine cavity stays larger.


The uterus of a female child is small until puberty, as soon as it swiftly grows to its adult size and shape. After menopause, once the mrs is no longer qualified of having children, the uterus becomes smaller, much more fibrous, and paler. Part afflictions the may influence the uterus incorporate infections; benign and malignant tumours; malformations, such together a double uterus; and prolapse, in which component of the uterus becomes displaced and also protrudes from the quality opening. Uterus transplantation, in i m sorry a uterus indigenous a healthy female is transplanted right into the influenced woman, has actually been thought about a potential form of treatment in extreme instances of uterine condition or absence of the uterus; the first birth of a healthy infant come a uterus transplant recipient occurred in 2014.

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The editor of Encyclopaedia piersonforcongress.comThis article was most recently revised and also updated by Kara Rogers.