Chlorine, achemical aspect with the price Cl and atomic number 17, is very reactiveelement and also strongest oxidizing agent as it has actually the highest possible electron affinity andthird highest possible electronegativity according to the Pauli scale amongst theelements.

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One of the mostcommon compounds in the chemistry industry and real-life usage constituentsodium chloride (NaCl) includes chlorine. It is provided as sanitation, disinfection,antiseptics, weapons in civilization war I, and other so many things.

You are right here toknow valence electrons of a chlorine atom, aren’t you? Don’t worry along with chlorinevalence electrons we will describe its valency also. But prior to that let’s havesome basic ideas around what these 2 terms are:

Difference BetweenValence Electrons and also Valency

Valence electronsare the total variety of electrons existing in the outermost covering of one atom(i.e. In outermost orbital). The valence electrons for a neutral atom arealways definite, it can not be differed (more or less) in any condition for aparticular atom and may or may not be same to that is valency.


Valency is definedas the total number of electrons an atom have the right to lose, gain, or share in ~ the timeof bond formation to get a stable digital configuration i.e. To finish anoctet. The valency of an atom have the right to be change in different compounds orchemical reactions because of the different bonding circumstances. Most of the timevalency varies/changes due to change in oxidation and also reduction states.

Chlorine (Cl)Valence Electrons

There room foursimple procedures to find out the valence electrons for chlorine atom i m sorry are:

Step 1: discover theAtomic Number


To discover out theatomic number of chlorine, we have the right to use the regular table. With the aid of theperiodic table, us can conveniently see that the atomic number of chlorine is 17. Asits atomic number is 17, it has actually 17 protons, and also for neutral chlorine, thenumber of proton is constantly equal to the variety of electrons i.e. Has 17electrons in that is nucleus.

Step 2: WriteElectron Configuration


Electronconfiguration is the plan of electron on the orbitals. The chlorineatom has actually a total of 17 electrons so, we have to put 17 electron in orbitals.The electrons will certainly be inserted in different orbitals according to the energylevel: <1s, 2s, 2p, 3s, 3p, 4s, 3d, 4p, 5s, 4d, 5p, 6s, 4f, 5d, 6p, 7s, 5f>.Now,

Chlorine electronconfiguration Cl (17) =1s22s22p63s23p5(completeconfiguration).

= 3s²3p⁵(condensed configuration).

Step 3: DetermineValence Shell

As us know, thevalence shell of an atom can be discovered from the highest number of principlequantum numbers which room expressed in the hatchet of n, and in 3s²3p⁵, thehighest value of n is 3 so the the valence covering of chlorine is3s²3p⁵.

Step 4: FindValence Electrons

The full number ofelectrons present in the valence shell of an atom are referred to as valence electrons,and there room a full of 7 electrons current in the valence covering of chlorine(3s²3p⁵). Thus,chlorine has seven valence electrons.

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Valency that Chlorine(Cl)

There are manydifferent ways to find out the valency of an atom which mirrors the capacity ofan atom to bond with other atoms. Valence defines how conveniently an atom or afree radical can combine with other chemical species. The valency of one atom isdetermined based on the number of electrons lost, gained, or shared withanother atom at the time of shortcut formation.

An atom is said tobe stable once its outermost shells have actually eight electrons (except H & He).If the total number of electrons in outermost shells is between one to four,the atom has positive valency and if electrons are between four come eight, thevalency is calculated by individually from eight and valency will certainly be zero. Atomshaving 4 outermost electrons own both positive and an unfavorable valency, andatoms having eight outermost electrons, valency will be zero (i.e. Noblegases).

Elements prefer chlorinecan reach the steady state (nearest inert gas configuration: Ar) by acquiring oneelectron.So the the valency that chlorine is 1.

Mathematically, theelectronic construction of chlorine is 2, 8, 7. And as us know, if electronsin outermost shell exceed from 4, it need to be subtracted from 8. So,

ElectronConfiguration that chlorine (Cl) = 2, 8, 7

We can see the outermost shell of chlorine has actually 7 electrons so, have to subtract it from 8.

8 – 7 = 1

That’s why valencyof chlorine is 1.

Note: In general, chlorinehas a stable oxidation state that -1 most of the time however it have the right to differ insome compounds v values 0 (Cl2), +1 (NaClO), +3 (NaClO2), +4 (ClO3), +5 (NaClO3),+7 (NaClO4). Perform not confuse with -1 or something rather (+1, +3, +4, etc.) with confident or an unfavorable signs, the is just an oxidation number that can vary from link to compound. But its valency is constantly 1 in any type of case.

In another sense, achlorine atom can type a preferably of one covalent bond in a chemical bonding (Forexample: HCl, CCl4, CaCl2, etc.), and also that what valency is, the maximum abilityto kind bonds through atoms at the moment of chemical bonding.

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We can also findthe valency the chlorine v the assist of the regular table. As chlorinebelongs to team 17 (17A or VIIA) together with fluorine (F), bromine (Br), and iodine(I), and astatine (At). These group elements are likewise called halogens. Every theseelements have valency one.