The 2-dollar coin, or "Toonie", together Canadians have actually named it, attributes the picture of one adult polar bear in early on summer top top an ice floe. It was designed through wildlife and landscape artist Brent Townsend. The 2-dollar coin was very first introduced ~ above February 19, 1996, to replace the 2-dollar bill. The "Toonie" has actually a life span around 20 times longer than record currency and also is produced using a distinctive bi-metallic coin locking system patented through the imperial Canadian

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The plenty of Faces of the "Toonie" $2 Circulation Coin

"What"s a genuine Toonie supposed to look at like?" That"s wonderful question quickly answered by this visual guide showing the countless faces the the more than 675 million two-dollar circulation coins i beg your pardon have gone into circulation since their arrival in 1996.

The architecture of this bi-metallic coin through the Polar bear on the reverse, or "tails" side, has evolved as the imperial Canadian proceeds to use its coins come celebrate Canada"s history, society and values. The same has happened to she Majesty Queen Elizabeth II"s portrait top top the obverse, or "heads" side, together her image was updated on every one of Canada"s circulation coinage in 2003.

Follow this guide to help you better understand and appreciate the varied features of the "Toonies" turn around today.

The 2010 Two-Dollar Circulation Coin

Reverse (Tails Side)Obverse (Heads Side)

Composition: external ring of 99% nickel and inner main point of 92% copper, 6% aluminum and also 2% nickel*Weight (g): 7.3 Diameter (mm): 28 Thickness (mm): 1.8 * uses to every coins from 1996 come present


A special locking mechanism permits the external ring and the core to remain locked together. This mechanism has been developed by the imperial Canadian and also is patented. The inner main point of the coin deserve to withstand approximately 181 kilos that pressure, or around ten time the press the average person hand can exert.The coin has actually a distinct electromagnetic signal which enables each coin to be accepted to rubbish by coin accepting makers such as vending, parking, transit, and also coin count machines.The coin is made of pure alloy material and also the manufacturing process requires committed equipment.Since 2006, the bottom that the obverse side functions the Mark, which is composed of one encircled design composed the a stylized maple leaf emerging from the letter M.

The Two-Dollar Circulation Coin v History


(1996-1998 and also 2001-2003)

When presented in 1996, the two-dollar circulation coin verified a portrait of her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II design by Canadian artist Dora de Pedery-Hunt. This photo of she Majesty showed up on every Canadian circulation coins indigenous 1990 to 2003. The iconic Polar Bear style on the turning back is the work of famous wildlife artist Brent Townsend.


The establishing of Nunavut (1999)

Nunavut first Nations artist Germaine Arnaktauyok created a special style to commemorate the starting of Nunavut, Canada"s newest territory. This design showed up on all 1999 two-dollar coins produced for general circulation. In 1999, the Polar be afflicted with design showed up only in a minimal number of distinct coin sets created for the collector market.


Path of expertise (2000)

For the new millennium, artist Tony Bianco portrayed a mrs polar bear and her two cubs to stand for the transport of knowledge from one generation to the next. The inscription on the coin"s external rim reads "Knowledge - Le Savoir." This was the only "tails" design to show up on the 2000 two-dollar circulation coin.


The end of one era, the birth of a brand-new effigy (2003)

2003 was the last year the Dora de Pedery-Hunt architecture of her Majesty"s effigy appeared on the two-dollar circulation coin. In June 2003, the federal government of Canada announced that an updated effigy of her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II would show up on all Canadian circulation coins in honour that the 50th anniversary that the Queen"s coronation. This style is the job-related of artist Susanna Blunt, whose prior experience with Buckingham Palace contained painting a portrait of Prince Edward. It is through no mistake that two-dollar circulation coins dated 2003 show both the "crowned" and "uncrowned" effigy of her Majesty.


Two brand-new coins for the 10th Anniversary that the two-dollar circulation coin (2006)

In celebration event of the 10th anniversary that its introduction, the two-dollar circulation coin was created in two versions: the very first honouring the traditional Polar Bear architecture of artist Tony Bianco and the second featuring his updated posture of the bear looking up in ~ the dramatic lines of one Aurora Borealis. That is vital to keep in mind the place of 1996-2006 double date on each coin: the timeless bear style shows the date beneath the effigy of her Majesty, while the updated bear reflects the date over the effigy.In 2006, the also introduced the mark on the obverse side of all Canadian circulation coinage. The Mark incorporates the three aspects of the"s that company name: M for; a Maple leaf for Canadian; and a crown because that Royal and Crown Corporation. It functions the architecture within a circle and also consists that a symbol portraying a stylized maple leaf emerging from the letter M.With the exemption of the 2008 two-dollar circulation coin celebrating the 400th Anniversary of the founding of Quebec City, the Mark always appears in ~ the effigy of she Majesty on the obverse of two-dollar circulation coins produced because 2006. Due to the fact that the introduction of the Mark, the maple sheet no much longer appears over the effigy of she Majesty.


400th Anniversary that the starting of Quebec City (2008)

Quebec artist Geneviève Bertrand winner a architecture competition to develop a brand-new reverse of the two-dollar circulation coin commemorating the 400th anniversary that Quebec City. The date 1608 appeared on the left side of the outer ring, if 2008 showed up on the ideal of the ring ~ above this commemorative coin"s reverse side. Just six million of these unique coins circulated, in addition to much more than 17 million 2008 Toonies produced with the classic Polar bear design.As the date was moved to the reverse side the this commemorative coin, the note was moved to the core of the coin on the obverse, to the prompt left of her Majesty"s effigy.

See more: What Is The Oxidation Number Of Mn In 2Kmno4? What Is The Oxidation Number Of Mn In Mnso4

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Technical specifications

1996 - 2012Composition: external ring 99% nickel, inner main point 92% copper, 6% aluminum, 2% nickel weight (g): 7.3 Diameter (mm): 28 Thickness (mm): 1.8

2012 - presentComposition: external ring - multi-ply nickel plated steel, insert - multi-ply brass plated aluminum bronzeWeight (g): 6.92Diameter (mm): 28 Thickness (mm): 1.75Two laser clues of maple leaves, each within a circle, in ~ the bottom the the coin"s reverseA virtual image of 2 maple leaves will appear at the top of the coin – a various image is created as the coin is turned from next to side.Edge-lettering that the words "CANADA" and also "2 DOLLARS" are engraved along the coin"s outer edge.

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1996 - 19991996 - 375,483,000 1997 - 16,942,000 1998 - 5,309,000 1999 - 25,130,000

2000 - 20092000 - 29,847,000 2001 - 11,910,000 2002 - 27,020,000 2003 - 11,244,000 2004 - 12,908,000 2005 - 38,317,000 2006 - 35,319,000 2007 - 38,957,0002008 - 18,400,0002009 - 38,430,000

2010 - present2010 - 8,220,0002011 - 27,488,0002012 - 89,185,000 2013 - 12,390,0002014 - 16,305,0002015 - 30,378,5002016 - 25,669,0002017 - 39,595,000 2018 - 26,730,000