Prentice hall Science explorer - planet Science - Vocabulary chapter 16 - Weather Factors

A kind of energy that can travel through space.

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RADIATIONThe direct transfer of power through empty space by electromagnetic waves.
INFRARED RADIATIONA type of energy with wavelengths that are longer than visible light.
ULTRAVIOLET RADIATIONA type of power with wavelengths the are much shorter than clearly shows light.
SCATTERINGReflecting of light in all directions.
GREENHOUSE EFFECTThe process by which warm is trapped in the setting by water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, and other gases that kind a "blanket" about Earth.
THERMAL ENERGYThe energy of movement in the molecule of a substance.
TEMPERATUREThe median amount of energy of movement in the molecule of a substance.
THERMOMETERAn instrument provided to measure up temperature, consist of of a thin, glass tube v a bulb on one end that has a liquid (usually mercury or alcohol).
HEATThe energy transferred from a hotter object to a cooler one.
CONDUCTIONThe transport of heat from one substance to an additional by direct call of corpuscle of matter.
CONVECTIONThe deliver of warm by activities of a fluid.
WINDThe horizontal movement of wait from an area that high pressure to an area of lower pressure.
ANEMOMETERAn instrument provided to measure up wind speed.
WIND-CHILL FACTORIncreased cooling caused by the wind.
LOCAL WINDWinds that blow over short distances.
SEA BREEZEThe flow of wait from an ocean or lake come the land.
LAND BREEZEThe flow of waiting from land to a body of water.
MONSOONSea and also land breezes end a huge region that adjust direction through the seasons.
GLOBAL WINDSWinds that blow steadily from certain directions over lengthy distances.
CORIOLIS EFFECTThe method Earth's rotation makes winds in the north Hemisphere curve come the right and winds in the southerly Hemisphere curve come the left.
JET STREAMBands of high-speed winds around 10 kilometers above Earth's surface.
EVAPORATIONThe process by which molecules at the surface of a liquid, such as water, absorb enough energy to adjust to a gaseous state, such together water vapor.
HUMIDITYA measure of the quantity of water vapor in the air.
RELATIVE HUMIDITYThe percentage of water vapor in the air contrasted to the maximum lot the air deserve to hold at the temperature.
PSYCHROMETERAn instrument provided to measure family member humidity, consists of a wet-bulb thermometer and also a dry-bulb thermometer.
CONDENSATIONThe process by i m sorry a gas, such as water vapor, changes to a liquid, such as water.
DEW POINTThe temperature in ~ which condensation begins.
CUMULUSClouds that type less than 2 kilometers over the ground and also look favor fluffy, rounded piles the cotton.
STRATUSClouds that kind in level layers.

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CIRRUSWispy, feathery clouds made largely of ice crystals that type at high levels, above about 6 kilometers.
LATITUDEThe street north or southern from the equator, measure in degrees