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The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum complex in Agra, west Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It is considered the finest example of Mughal style (a mix of Indian, Persian, and Islamic styles). TheTaj Mahal is additionally one the the world’s most iconic monuments, checked out by numerous tourists every year. The facility was designated a UNESCO human being Heritage site in 1983.
The Taj Mahal was constructed as a tomb for Mumtaz Mahal (“Chosen among the Palace”) by she husband, the Mughal emperor shaman Jahān (reigned 1628–58). She died in childbirth in 1631, after having actually been the emperor’s inseparable companion since their marriage in 1612.
The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum complicated that homes the burial places of Mumtaz Mahal (“Chosen among the Palace”) and also her husband, the Mughal emperor shaman Jahān (reigned 1628–58).
Building of the Taj Mahal began around 1632. The mausoleum itself to be completed by around 1638–39. The adjunct structures were finished by 1643, and decoration work ongoing until at the very least 1647. In total, construction of the 42-acre (17-hectare) complex spanned 22 years.
The Taj Mahal is built of white marble that shows hues according to the intensity of the sunshine or the moonlight.
Taj Mahal, likewise spelled Tadj Mahall, mausoleum complex in Agra, western Uttar Pradesh state, north India. The Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal emperor shaman Jahān (reigned 1628–58) come immortalize his mam Mumtaz Mahal (“Chosen one of the Palace”), who passed away in childbirth in 1631, having actually been the emperor’s inseparable companion because their marital relationship in 1612. India’s many famous and widely recognized building, the is situated in the eastern component of the city on the southerly (right) bank of the Yamuna (Jumna) River. Agra fort (Red Fort), likewise on the right financial institution of the Yamuna, is about 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the Taj Mahal.
In the harmonious proportions and its fluid incorporation of decorate elements, the Taj Mahal is identified as the ideal example that Mughal architecture, a mix of Indian, Persian, and Islamic styles. Other attractions include twin mosque buildings (placed symmetrically ~ above either side of the mausoleum), beloved gardens, and also a museum. Among the most beautiful structural compositions in the world, the Taj Mahal is likewise one the the world’s most iconic monuments, went to by millions of tourists every year. The complex was designated a UNESCO people Heritage website in 1983.
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History of construction
Discover the story behind shaman Jahān"s decision to develop the Taj Mahal mausoleum for his wife Mumtaz Maḥal
The plans because that the complex have been attributed to various architects that the period, though the chief architect was most likely Ustad Aḥmad Lahawrī, an Indian of Persian descent. The five principal aspects of the complex—main gateway, garden, mosque, jawāb (literally “answer”; a building mirroring the mosque), and mausoleum (including its four minarets)—were conceived and designed as a combined entity follow to the tenets that Mughal structure practice, which allowed no subsequent addition or alteration. Building commenced around 1632. An ext than 20,000 employees were employed native India, Persia, the ottoman Empire, and Europe to finish the mausoleum itself by around 1638–39; the adjunct structures were finished by 1643, and also decoration work ongoing until at least 1647. In total, building and construction of the 42-acre (17-hectare) facility spanned 22 years.