You are watching: Which kingdom of organisms is most closely related to fungi?
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Artist\"s conk (Ganoderma applanatum), a bracket fungi. Distributed worldwide, the artist\"s conk is a wood-decaying fungus that primarily grows ~ above dead or dying trees.
Fungi space eukaryotic organisms; i.e., their cells save membrane-bound oribelles and clearly defined nuclei. Historically, mushroom were contained in the tree kingdom; however, since fungi lack chlorophyll and also are identified by distinctive structural and physiological features (i.e., materials of the cell wall and cell membrane), they have actually been separated from plants. In addition, fungi are clearly distinguished from all various other living organisms, consisting of animals, by your principal settings of vegetative growth and nutrient intake. Fungi thrive from the tips of filaments (hyphae) that comprise the body of the biology (mycelia), and they digest organic issue externally before taking in it into their mycelia.
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While mushrooms and toadstools (poisonous mushrooms) room by no way the most plenty of or economically far-reaching fungi, they room the most easily recognized. The Latin word because that mushroom, fungus (plural fungi), has concerned stand because that the entirety group. Similarly, the study of fungi is well-known as mycology—a broad application that the Greek word for mushroom, mykēs. Fungi various other than mushrooms space sometimes jointly called molds, back this hatchet is better restricted to mushroom of the sort stood for by bread mold. (For information about slime molds, i m sorry exhibit features of both the animal and the fungal worlds, see protist.)
Edible porcini mushrooms (Boletus edulis). Porcini mushrooms space widely dispersed in the north Hemisphere and kind symbiotic associations with a number of tree species.