Table of Contents

What mortar to usage for shower head pan1. Quikrete Floor Mud2. Quikrete Sand/Topping Mix 3. Sakrete Sand Mix4. DIY shower head Pan Mortar BedShower pan mortar consistencyShower pan mixes: comparisonShower pan materialAcrylic TileFiberglassComposite materialsHow to download a mortared shower pan1. Structure the shower stall2. Coat the reduced side that the drainpipe with silicone3. Coat the drain with cement and also PVC primer4. Cut and also fit the metal lath and also felt to the floor5. Mix and also apply dry deck mud6. Measure and apply the waterproof membrane7. Mark and cut the end the bolts approximately the drain8. Reduced the membrane and install the upper drain plate9. Check and fix leaks10. Install a strainer ~ above the drain11. Include a waterproof membrane12. Cut and install the backerboard13. Apply mortar and also a steel lath14. Lay the floor tiles

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Your bathroom’s floor has actually a shower head pan i beg your pardon is waterproof and also collects water then directs it come the drain. The shower pan requirements to be installed correctly to support the load of the users and also keep the basic layers from damages by the water. The best mortar mix because that the shower head pan identify how an excellent the pan will be. If you do a mistake v this one, you risk damaging the whole shower floor. The finest mortar because that shower pans is a mixture of sand and also Portland cement as it creates a water-resistant obstacle that deserve to support the weight of the shower head unit and also the users. Girlfriend can create your own with Portland cement and fine sand (1:5) and also 4 quarts water for 80 lb. Of the mixture.

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What mortar to usage for shower head pan

Mortar is wanted for shower head pans end other alternatives such together concrete and also cement provided that it bonds much better to various other surfaces and also is an ext moldable. The finest mortar mix for shower pans contains sand and also Portland cement. This will create a water-resistant obstacle which will assistance the load of the shower floor and its users. Types of Mortar Ingredients  Quikrete Floor Mud Portland cement, graded sand, other components Quikrete Sand/Topping Mix Portland cement, advertising grade sand, other ingredients Sakrete Sand Mix Portland cement, concrete sand DIY shower Pan Mortar Bed Portland cement, fine sand 
There are three main types of mortar because that shower pans as follows:

1. Quikrete Floor Mud

The Quikrete Floor mud is a concrete mix produced by QUIKRETE which is all set for usage in developing shower pans, slate, travertine and also marble floor tiles. When mixed with water, it creates a smooth and water-resistant surface which is right for shower pans. You don’t have to calculate any kind of of the ingredients through the Quikrete mortar mix for shower pans due to the fact that they have actually been calculated for you. Just pour the mix into a container than include water (4 quarts because that each 80 lb. Bag) before using it come the shower head floor. The benefits of using Quikrete Floor Mud incorporate the fact that you have the right to use that both indoors and also outdoors, you don’t must calculate the parts, it provides a solid result (5000 psi compressive stamin once fully cured), and also is easy to form the wanted shape the the floor. The only downside is that it’s not easily available.How lengthy should mud bed cure prior to tiling?A mud bed requirements to cure because that at the very least 28 days prior to tiling. This ensures the it’s waterproof and also has the compelled compressive strength to retain its shape and integrity when in use. How numerous bags that mortar for shower pan?It depends top top the dimension of the shower head floor. As long as the floor has in between 2 and 3 inches of thickness at the thickest places and at least 2 inches of thickness in ~ the thinnest, it will be enough. 

2. Quikrete Sand/Topping Mix 

This sand topping mix because that shower pans, also by Quikrete, is made from a mix of Portland cement, advertising grade sands and other components. Uneven Quikrete Floor mud whose ingredients space consistent, the lot of water necessary for the Quikrete Sand/Topping Mix counts on the contents used to form it. The manufacturer will constantly indicate the on the bags. 

3. Sakrete Sand Mix

Sakrete Sand Mix is make of Portland cement and also concrete sand and also is a popular different to the above options indigenous Quikrete. Besides the shower head pan, it can be offered for walks, steps and leveling floors both indoors and outdoors. 

4. DIY shower head Pan Mortar Bed

You deserve to make your own shower pan concrete mix making use of sand, cement and water. Mix 1 part of Portland cement v 5 components of good sand. For each 80 lbs. That this mix, include 4 quarts of water. Your very own shower basic mortar might seem like a cheaper option but it’s generally not as an excellent as the commercial alternatives. Both Quikrete Floor Mud and Quikrete Sand/Topping Mix don’t price much however they’re simpler to job-related with and also provide far better results 보다 DIY options. 

Shower pan mortar consistency

All the shower head floor mortar mixes above need to have actually the exact same consistency to attain the best results. As soon as mixed, you must be able to form a round with the mix in her palm. The ball should organize its shape yet release some water once squeezed. If the ball collapses ~ above its own, it’s as well wet and also you should add more of the dry mix. If it retains its shape but doesn’t release water when squeezed or crumbles apart, it’s as well dry and needs an ext water to it is in added. 

Shower pan mixes: comparison

Quikrete Floor MudQuikrete Sand/Topping MixAffordable Slightly costlierA bit hard to findEasily availableAvailable in 80 lb. BagsAvailable in bags the 10, 40, 60 and 80 poundsEasy to useEasy come use

Shower pan material

Once girlfriend lay the mortar bed for your shower, the shower pan you download on top can be made from the adhering to materials:


An acrylic shower head pan is do from modification plastic under pressure and heat to type a solitary piece that’s big enough come fit her bathroom floor. 


While tile is very attractive, it likewise requires a most skill and also care come ensure it gives a waterproof seal because that the remainder of the floor. It also requires maintain on a regular basis to keep its integrity. Once installing tiles together the shower head pan, certain the mortar bed is at least 2 inches thick on the outer edges the the floor and also it reduces in the direction of the shower drain to permit water to circulation to the drain. 


Fiberglass shower pans are developed from polymer reins which have been strengthened v woven glass fibers. Although cheaper than the alternatives, they’re much more likely to obtain scratches and stains. 

Composite materials

A combination of different materials deserve to be provided to develop a shower head pan whose qualities will count on the materials used. Because that example, acrylic deserve to be strengthened with fiberglass to make a much better shower pan 보다 the individual materials.For the preformed shower pans such as those made from fiberglass, acrylic and also composite materials, the manufacturer needs to carry out the thickness essential for the pan to carry out correctly. 

How to install a mortared shower head pan

For this exercise, you require premixed mortar, drill, paddle, drill screw attachments, hardwood screws, bucket, pipe wrench, level, silicone, waterproof membrane, knife, waterproofing membrane and metal lath. Make certain the plumbing is currently carried out and also the shower has a shower drain and also a drain trap prior to installing the shower pan. Your shower requirements a P-trap to keep sewage system gases out of the house.Install the mortared shower head pan as follows:

1. Framework the shower stall

Choose one area for the brand-new shower stall making sure the drain has been cut out. If the subfloor is shaky, replace it v a ¾-inch item of exterior plywood. Use pressure-treated hardwood planks to produce the bottom plates for the shower head stall. The studs because that the walls must be focused on the bottom plates at intervals the 16 inches. Usage 3-inch decking screws to close the bottom plates come the floor. Support the political parties of the membrane with 2×10 toenail blocking between the studs. Use 3 pressure-treated pink of timber at 2×4 customs to type the curb of the bathroom. You have the right to skip this action if you room reinstalling the shower head pan in one old bathroom constructing a new shower pan in a bathroom. 

2. Coat the reduced side that the drainpipe with silicone

Use silicone beads to coat the inside and outside that the bolt circle of the drain in the floor. 

3. Coat the drainpipe with cement and also PVC primer

Coat the within of the drain with cement and a PVC primer climate twist the drain onto the waste heat in the floor. After ~ the cement has actually dried up, insert the drain bolts right into the lower drain plate. Leave around ¾ inches of the drain bolts exposed. 

4. Cut and also fit the metal lath and also felt come the floor

Measure the size of the shower head floor then cut a 15-pound piece of felt come fit this size. Location it on the floor then staple it in place. Using the very same measurements, cut a steel lath then also stapple it on the floor. Make sure there space no bump on the lath and also felt. The metal lath offers a foothold for the mortar mix. Next, reduced a one hole roughly the drainpipe hole. The hole should be at least an inch broader than the dimension of the hole to permit for the following steps. 

5. Mix and apply dry deck mud

Follow the instructions on the mortar mix to mix sufficient for the whole bathroom floor. Use a latex additive to mix the dried deck mud instead of water. Plug the drainpipe hole v a item of fabric then pour the mix onto the floor. Evenly spread out it out through a timber float then permit it to dry overnight. 

6. Measure and also apply the waterproof membrane

Measure the waterproof membrane such the it’s 9 inches larger than the floor on the sides and also 16 inches larger on the curb the the restroom floor. You have the right to make bigger pieces that the waterproof membrane by solvent-welding piece together. The area roughly the drainpipe should be reinforced through solvent-welding one more piece of the membrane on the initial one (about 10 inch in diameter).Lay the membrane onto to the floor, smooth out any type of air balloon in it then clip in onto the floor to secure it. Do the exact same for the excess parts of the membrane which will increase up top top the wall and curb. Solvent-weld the piece then staple them to the wall and curb. 

7. Mark and cut out the bolts roughly the drain

Feel the floor end the membrane then note with an X over each bolt approximately the drainpipe hole. Usage a spicy knife to reduced an X end the bolts to reveal them. Unscrew the bolts in readiness for installing the upper drain plate. 

8. Cut the membrane and also install the upper drain plate

Feel the area in between the bolts then cut out the drainpipe hole exactly about the hole and also no larger. Ar the upper drain plate right into the hole making certain it aligns with the screw holes approximately it. Screw the bolts come secure the drainpipe plate over the drainpipe hole. 

9. Check and fix leaks

Plug the drain hole then to fill the shower head pan with water 3 customs deep climate wait for 24 hours. If the water level is the same, her pan is watertight. If not, the would have actually leaked either with a loose drain hole, punctures in the membrane, or the sides. Tighten the drain hole bolts then fix any type of punctures utilizing a job of the membrane and glue. Because that the sides of the shower floor, solvent-weld the membrane come the wall surface then wait because that the solvent to dry up. Test because that leaks again. 

10. Download a strainer top top the drain

Wrap Teflon tape (plumber’s tape) approximately the object of the strainer than screw it into the drainpipe hole’s flange. Cover it through masking ice to protect it from thinset and mortar in the following steps. 

11. Include a waterproof membrane

Apply a waterproof membrane top top the wall surface of the bathroom such that it consist of at the very least 3 customs of the membrane indigenous the floor and parts of the wall. If the bathroom will certainly be made of wood walls, make certain the entirety of the wall is covered in this waterproof membrane. Because that bathrooms through glass or concrete walls, a tiny layer that the waterproof membrane is enough. 

12. Cut and also install the backerboard

Cut backerboard to the size of the wall surfaces then ar it on shims ½ customs in dimension then close the screws to the walls through backerboard screws. The screws should remain in ~ the top inch that the flooring membrane to alleviate punctures which may result in leaks. Once the backerboard is screwed into place, eliminate the shims then to fill the locations at the bottom with caulk and thinset. 

13. Use mortar and also a steel lath

Mark ~ above the walls through a pencil 3 inches from the floor. Measure up the distance from the walls to the drain hole then calculate the steep to ¼ inches for every horizontal foot (1ft). Apply a class of mortar adhered to by a metal lath and also another great of mortar while maintaining the slope in the direction of the drain. 

14. Put the floor tiles

After the mortar is dried (overnight), scrape off any bumps and imperfections on the floor then evenly spread a great of thinset top top it. Push the tiles right into the thinset in line through the steep of the bathroom. Smaller sized tiles are better at conforming come the slope of the restroom than bigger ones. Let the tiles cure overnight then apply grout in-between the tiles and around the edges whereby the tiles meet the walls.