High college Biology help » cell Biology » cabinet Structures and also Organelles » typical Cell structures » expertise the endoplasmic Reticulum and also Golgi human body
Explanation:

The smooth absorbent reticulum has a variety of functions. Proteins deserve to be packaged and also transported through the cell by the smooth absorbent reticulum, as can other moving components and also materials. The membrane about the smooth endoplasmic reticulum can be provided to produce intracellular vesicles. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum is additionally responsible for utilizing these motor to interface with the plasma membrane, manufacturing phospholipids to repair and grow the membrane surface area. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum likewise contains enzymes responsible for degrading not natural toxins, such as alcohol and also drugs. This organelle is specifically prevalent in hepatocytes (liver cells) whereby the blood if filtered and toxins are removed for degradation.

You are watching: What organelle detoxifies alcohol in the liver

Protein synthesis calls for the action of ribosomes, which deserve to be discovered in the cytosol or embedded in the membrane the the stormy endoplasmic reticulum.


Report an Error

Example concern #2 : expertise The endoplasmic Reticulum and also Golgi body


A researcher observes two organelles under the microscope. He notices that organelle A contains much more amino acids 보다 organelle B. What can the researcher conclude around the two organelles?


Possible Answers:

Organelle A is smooth endoplasmic reticulum and it includes ribosomes


Organelle B is smooth endoplasmic reticulum and also it has ribosomes


Organelle B is rough endoplasmic reticulum and it includes ribosomes


Organelle A is unstable endoplasmic reticulum and also it contains ribosomes


Correct answer:

Organelle A is rough endoplasmic reticulum and it has ribosomes


Explanation:

The concern states that organelle A has much more amino acids. This way that organelle A has much more proteins than organelle B. Mental that stormy endoplasmic reticulum (rough ER) is termed ‘rough’ due to the fact that it includes ribosomes on its surface. These ribosomes provide it a unstable appearance under the microscope. Ribosomes space the website of protein synthesis, therefore, stormy ER will certainly contain an ext proteins (and amino acids).

We cannot draw any conclusions about organelle B, because most oribelles contain under amino acids and proteins 보다 the turbulent endoplasmic reticulum.


Report an Error

Example question #3 : understanding The endoplasmic Reticulum and also Golgi human body


Which organelle is most essential for a human who has actually consumed too much alcohol?


Possible Answers:

Mitochondria


Smooth endoplasmic reticulum


Rough absorbent reticulum


Ribosomes


Correct answer:

Smooth absorbent reticulum


Explanation:

The question states that the person has actually consumed too lot alcohol, which method that the body should detoxify the chemistry from alcohol. You are as such looking for the organelle that participates in detoxification that chemicals. In enhancement to synthesizing lipids, the smooth endoplasmic reticulum plays an essential role in detoxification the chemicals. This detoxification process occurs in the liver, i beg your pardon contains an abundance of smooth absorbent reticulum.

Rough endoplasmic reticulum and ribosomes are affiliated in protein synthesis, and mitochondria are the site of power (ATP) production.


Report one Error

Example question #4 : understanding The absorbent Reticulum and Golgi body


Steroids are vital component of cell membranes and also gonadal hormones. What organelle is most vital in the synthesis of steroids?


Possible Answers:

Rough absorbent reticulum


Lysosomes


Golgi apparatus


Smooth absorbent reticulum


Correct answer:

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum


Explanation:

Steroids are a type of lipid that include cholesterol (needed because that cell membranes) and also gonadal hormones (estrogen, testosterone, and progesterone). Due to the fact that they space lipids, steroids room synthesized in the smooth endoplasmic reticulum, the website of lipid synthesis.

Remember that smooth endoplasmic reticulum likewise plays a role in detoxification the harmful chemicals.

Rough endoplasmic reticulum is used to develop proteins that will be secreted indigenous the cell, consisting of most peptide hormones. The Golgi apparatus is provided to modify these proteins and create vesicles because that protein transport. Lysosomes contain hydrolytic enzymes that digest cellular wastes.


Report one Error

Example concern #5 : knowledge The absorbent Reticulum and Golgi body


Bob, a biologist who was researching a brand-new eukaryotic imreparable cells species, wanted to research a certain protein Y. After obtaining and also purifying the sample, Bob discovered that this protein had 3 subunits: A, B, and also C. V substantive clinical analysis, Bob discovered that protein Y operated in a membrane; however, he can not deduce which specific membrane. Nonetheless, Bob discovered that just subunit B was traversed v the inner of the membrane. Through Bob’s findings, you re welcome answer the adhering to questions.


Where is this protein synthesized? 


Possible Answers:

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum


Cytoplasm


Nucleolus


Rough endoplasmic reticulum


Golgi apparatus


Correct answer:

Rough absorbent reticulum


Explanation:

The only possible answer choices are the turbulent ER and Cytoplasm due to the fact that proteins room synthesized in these two components. Protein intended to be membranous room synthesized specifically on the unstable ER. 


Report one Error

Example concern #6 : knowledge The endoplasmic Reticulum and also Golgi body


Which that the following organelles is responsible because that detoxification?


Possible Answers:

Golgi apparatus 


Mitochondria


Ribosome


Smooth endoplasmic reticulum


Rough endoplasmic reticulum


Correct answer:

Smooth absorbent reticulum


Explanation:

Smooth absorbent reticulum(ER) is responsible for the detoxification of a number of organic chemicals. The smooth ER converts necessary substances right into water and also other soluble assets to permit for excretion. Big amounts the smooth ER are uncovered in liver cells, where assets of natural metabolism, drugs, and also alcohol room detoxified. Fun fact: the smooth ER can double its surface area within a few days then go back to its normal size as soon as the assault has subsided. 


Report one Error

Example inquiry #7 : knowledge The absorbent Reticulum and also Golgi body


Lipid synthesis wake up in i m sorry of the following cell organelles?


Possible Answers:

Lysosome 


Rough endoplasmic reticulum


Smooth endoplasmic reticulum


Golgi apparatus


Vacuole


Correct answer:

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum


Explanation:

Smooth absorbent reticulum (ER) is dedicated almost specifically to the produce of lipids, and also in some instances the metabolism of lipids and their associated products. Smooth ER synthesizes lipids, phospholipids, and steroids. It likewise carries out the metabolism of carbohydrates and drug detoxification. The smooth ER the the endoplasmic reticulum lacks ribosomes, hence the surname smooth ER.


Report one Error

Example concern #8 : knowledge The endoplasmic Reticulum and also Golgi body


What is the main function of the Golgi apparatus?


Possible Answers:

Produce proteins


Produce DNA


Produce enzymes


Sorts and ships proteins to the correct place


Correct answer:

Sorts and ships protein to the exactly place


Explanation:

The Golgi device (body) sorts and also ships protein to the correct place. The does not create proteins or enzymes, a kind of protein. Stormy ER and ribosomes develop proteins. The Golgi apparatus does not produce DNA, i beg your pardon is the genetic code created in the procedure of replication, and also occurs in the cell core of eukaryotic bio cells.


Report one Error

Example inquiry #9 : expertise The absorbent Reticulum and also Golgi human body


What is the function of unstable endoplasmic illusion (ER)?


Possible Answers:

Production the DNA


Conversion that DNA to RNA


Synthesis the proteins


Synthesis the lipids


Correct answer:

Synthesis the proteins


Explanation:

Rough absorbent reticulum (ER) is connected in the synthesis of proteins. Smooth absorbent reticulum is associated in the synthesis of lipids. The switch of DNA come RNA is called transcription however does no involve unstable ER. Production of DNA is replication and occurs in the nucleus, together does transcription.


Report one Error

Example inquiry #10 : understanding The absorbent Reticulum and Golgi body


The smooth endoplasmic reticulum"s main function is __________.


Possible Answers:

regulate water intake


synthesize proteins


synthesize RNA


synthesize lipids and detoxify harmful substances


Correct answer:

synthesize lipids and detoxify harmful substances


Explanation:

Smooth absorbent reticulum (ER) synthesizes lipids and also detoxifies harmful substances. RNA synthesis wake up in transcription yet does no involve Smooth ER. Proteins room synthesized by turbulent ER and ribosomes. Water input is regulation by vacuoles, i beg your pardon are existing in a few animal cell types.

See more: Dumb Vs Stupid: What Is The Difference Between Dumb And Stupid (With Table)


Report one Error
← vault 1 2 next →
*

check out Tutors
Jordan Certified tutor
University the Alabama in ~ Birmingham, understand of Science, Biology, General. College of Alabama at Birmingham, Bachelor of Sc...
*

view Tutors
Ansley Certified guardian
University of Georgia, Bachelor of Science, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
*

view Tutors
Matilda Certified guardian
London city University, Bachelors, Biochemistry. College of the west Cape, Masters, Biotechnology.

All High institution Biology sources


10 Diagnostic exam 247 exercise Tests concern of the job Flashcards discover by ide
Popular Subjects
English Tutors in Denver, act Tutors in Phoenix, reading Tutors in Atlanta, LSAT Tutors in Chicago, mathematics Tutors in Miami, Chemistry Tutors in Phoenix, GRE Tutors in mountain Diego, biologic Tutors in Miami, ISEE Tutors in Houston, Algebra Tutors in Phoenix
Popular courses & Classes
LSAT process & class in Dallas fort Worth, GMAT process & classes in Los Angeles, SAT process & great in Los Angeles, MCAT courses & classes in Philadelphia, ACT process & class in Chicago, ISEE courses & class in Phoenix, GRE process & classes in Houston, Spanish process & classes in san Francisco-Bay Area, LSAT courses & classes in Miami, GRE process & great in mountain Francisco-Bay Area
Popular test Prep
LSAT test Prep in Boston, MCAT test Prep in Philadelphia, ACT check Prep in Chicago, GRE check Prep in mountain Francisco-Bay Area, MCAT check Prep in Dallas ft Worth, ISEE check Prep in Philadelphia, GRE test Prep in Houston, LSAT test Prep in Los Angeles, MCAT check Prep in Chicago, ISEE check Prep in Miami
Report an concern with this concern

If you"ve uncovered an worry with this question, you re welcome let us know. Through the help of the ar we can proceed to boost our educational resources.


Do no fill in this field
* her Name:
* issue Description:
DMCA complaint

her Infringement an alert may it is in forwarded to the party that made the content obtainable or to 3rd parties such as ChillingEffects.org.

you re welcome follow these actions to record a notice:

you must include the following:

Send your complaint to our designated certified dealer at:

Charles Cohn Varsity Tutors llc 101 S. Hanley Rd, Suite 300 St. Louis, MO 63105