There space very couple of characters featured in this story since the nameless narrators first person account, keeps the emphasis on her feelings and thoughts in this ‘diary-like’ style of writing. The main characters are because of this those that space closest to her, herself, her husband, she sister in law Jennie and also Mary the nurse.

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The Nameless Narrator

The narrator that ‘The Yellow Wallpaper’ is a young middle class wife and new mother who relies totally on her husband because that support. The couple take ancestral homes for the Summer in an effort for she husband come cure her of her “slight hysterical tendency.” movie critics have suggested yet that she actually suffers native postnatal depression.

" data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" class="wp-image-167 size-medium" src="" alt="Illustration indigenous The golden Book, 1934." width="264" height="300" srcset=" 264w, 528w, 132w" sizes="(max-width: 264px) 100vw, 264px" />The Nameless Narrator, illustration from The gold Book Magazine, 1934.

The narrators surname is not stated at all with out the story, denote her absence of identity. She is just referred come in belittling state by she husband, such together “blessed little goose” or “little girl.” The function of women at the time meant that they had actually no independence and were not allowed to have actually an separation, personal, instance identity. The nameless narrator in the story is forbidden to do what she enjoys most, to write, rather she must do it in secret. This short story created in very first person narration i do not care her journal in i m sorry she have the right to express herself, however her constant battle come hide her writing results in a absence of self-expression which only exacerbates she illness, together her husband slowly takes far from her whatever that makes her an individual an innovative person. Additionally she is ridden with guilt in ~ what she describes as, “not gift able to do my duty.” Her condition stops her from gift the wife and mother that was supposed of her. She husband additionally ensures that she has no physical or psychological stimulation and also is to watch no agency that could induce this stimulation. As a result of his controlling behaviour she move her an innovative expression from writing, to the wallpaper. She spends hrs trying to decipher the pattern of the wallpaper, trying come in she words “follow the pointless sample to some sort of conclusion.”

Through the end the novella the narrators insanity gets significantly worse, her tone and also style of writing deteriorates through out reflecting her progressively erratic mind. Notice these changes in the extracts shown below, bring away from different sections of the text.

At the beginning of the story, she explains her hate for the paper. Notice how her sentence size is relatively long and her selection of words space mature, for circumstances the use of ‘positively angry’ and also ‘impertinence,’ suggest her ton is relatively calm and indifferent. However you have the right to still check out her capability for story making together she describes the pattern as having actually eyes, an early indication of she hallucinations:

“I obtain positively angry with the impertinence of it and also the everlastingness. Up and down and sideways they crawl, and also those absurd, unblinking eyes room everywhere. Over there is one location where 2 breadths didn’t match, and also the eyes go all up and also down the line, one a little higher than the other.” page 16 & 17 the the manuscript.



In the middle of the story, her fascination through the record increases, as does she madness. Notice how the narrator is start to get attached and also possessive around the paper. Her sentences additionally start come deteriorate, indicated by the much shorter sentences, speeding up the pace:

“There room things in that document that nobody knows however me, or ever before will. Behind that external pattern the dim shapes get clearer everyday. It is constantly the exact same shape, only very numerous. And the is prefer a woman stooping down and also creeping about behind the pattern.” page 29 of the manuscript.


Towards the finish of the story, she sentence structures fully deteriorate. Over there are additionally frequent allusions come suicide and violence, for instance she serious considers burning the home down and also her hallucinations additionally worsen. Her descent right into madness starts to quickly increase. Notice below how the usage of repetition and one exclamation mark, is offered to emphasise her state of mind break down, and her indigenous choices become childlike and simple. The use of EM dashes are also used to break up the sentences and increase the pace even more:

“I wonder just how it to be done and who walk it, and also what they did the for. Round and also round and round—round and round and also round—it renders me dizzy!” page 44 & 45 that the manuscript.



Finally, notice how she now likes the room that she is in. She sentences are likewise extremely short as though she is bullet pointing what she sees and feels, and there is also the enhancement of more exclamation point out to additional emphasise she madness and also excitable state the mind. She likewise wants come shock her husband, saying that this is an explode of inside anger and resentment the is now releasing her native his restraints:

“I fairly enjoy the room, now it is ceiling again.How those kids did tear about here! This bedstead is reasonably gnawed!But ns must obtain to work.I have actually locked the door and thrown the an essential down right into the front path.I don’t want to walk out, and I don’t desire to have anybody come in until John comes. I want to astonish him.” web page 53 & 54 that the manuscript.


At the an extremely end the the novella she lastly sees herself as the mrs behind the record and creeps roughly the room, her madness will its height. Part have suggested that the ending indicates the she has actually committed suicide, as she mentions the she has got a rope, suggesting she hangs herself, whilst others believe that she is merely a crazed woman crawling anywhere the floor. The finishing of the story is intentionally ambiguous, as it permits the reader to concerned their very own conclusion and also leaves them through an uncomfortable emotion in maintaining with the ton of the story.


" data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" class="wp-image-181" src="" alt="Illustration of the narrator "creeping" over she husband from The gold Book, 1934." width="410" height="227" srcset=" 410w, 820w, 150w, 300w, 768w" sizes="(max-width: 410px) 100vw, 410px" />Illustration the the narrator ‘creeping’ over she husband indigenous The gold Book Magazine, 1934.

John is the narrators husband and also a leading doctor of the time and also based on Dr. Silas Weir Mitchell, the neurologist that temporarily treated Charlotte Perkins Gilman. The narrator defines her husband as having, “no patience through faith, one intense horror of superstition, and he scoffs openly at any talk of points not to be felt and seen and put down in figures.” His place in culture makes that a very respected gentleman, but having a wife who has “temporary worried depression” would just hinder his reputation. This is perhaps why the is may be to usage his profession to assure everybody the the narrators illness is not a ‘serious’ one, as an effort to gain back his reputation or to avoid it from gift damaged further. That could likewise be assumed that taking ancestral homes and preventing her from seeing company is no only part of his therapy for her, but likewise a ploy to keep her far from the general public eye.

He is no only determined to prove to culture that there is “really naught the matter” through his wife, yet he is additionally trying come prove that to her by refusing to listen to her concerns and insisting that she “really better.” This only results in do the instance worse, together we have actually seen native the narrator she evidently feels repressed by her husband.

Despite this, the is clear that he does treatment for his wife, back the names he calls her can be seen as belittling, castle can additionally be viewed as endearing. He likewise appears to be doing everything he have the right to for his wife, and also truly believes that the therapy he is prescribing she is the best. She describes how that “gathered me up in his arms, and just brought me upstairs and laid me top top the bed, and also sat through me and read come me it spins it tired my head.” These are not actions of a guy who simply wants to manage his wife, they room actions the one that loves her. Arguably that is simply a product the his time and therefore can not be blamed for actions that now would it seems ~ improper and also cruel.

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The reader of the novella must additionally remember that a very first person narration boundaries the clues of view open for interpretation. The reader is just able to view one point of view, that of the narrator, and so have to judge whether her portrayal of she husband is a trustworthy one. Arguably she madness makes her an unreliable narrator. But even before her madness important takes over, she write in she ‘journal‘: “John laughs in ~ me, the course, however one expects that in marriage.”

Jennie and Mary

" data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" class="size-medium wp-image-185" src="" alt="Illustration of the narrator and Jennie indigenous The gold Book Magazine, 1934." width="256" height="300" srcset=" 256w, 512w, 128w" sizes="(max-width: 256px) 100vw, 256px" />Illustration the the narrator and also Jennie native The gold Book Magazine, 1934.

Jennie is the narrators sister-in-law and housekeeper because that the family. She is among the an ext minor characters however plays crucial role in progressing the narrators illness. The narrator’s cultivation paranoia is highlighted with seeing her sister-in-law in the nursery v the yellow wallpaper, she states “I captured Jennie with her hand on it once.” as such Jennie acts together a device for relocating the story along and highlighting the seriousness of the narrators illness. Jennie is also a price of femininity since she is the housekeeper and as together is used to intensify the narrators feelings of guilt at not being able to it is in the wife that was intended of her. The reader have the right to see the pangs the jealousy in the narrators sentence, “Of course ns didn’t carry out a thing. Jennie sees to everything now.” This is additionally the case with the personality Mary who is the nurse because that the narrators baby. Although praised through the narrator, she is evidently a symbol for motherhood, a duty which the narrator cannot adhere to.