chemistry properties Solubility in water (g/100ml) Toxicity applications Preparation Explosive attributes References


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Lithium nitrate framework

CAS No. 7790-69-4 chemistry Name: Lithium nitrate Synonyms LiNO3;Lithiumnitrat;thiuM nitrate;JACS-7790-69-4;LITHIUM NITRATE;LithiumNitrate>97%;LithiumNitrateLiNO3;LITHIUM NITRATE GRAN;LITHIUM NITRATE ANYD.;ithium nitrate hydrate CBNumber: CB7400757 molecule Formula: LiNO3 Formula Weight: 68.95 MOL File: 7790-69-4.mol
melting point: 264 °C (lit.) boiling point: 600 °C thickness 2.38 RTECS QU9330000 flash point: 600°C warehouse temp. Save at +5°C come +30°C. solubility H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless kind Solid shade White specific Gravity 2.38 PH 7-9 (50g/l, H2O, 20℃) Water Solubility 90 g/L (28 ºC) perceptible Hygroscopic Merck 14,5536 Stability: Stable. Incompatible through reducing agents, strong acids, organic materials, finely powdered metals. Oxidizer. CAS DataBase recommendation 7790-69-4(CAS DataBase Reference) FDA UNII 68XG6U4533 EPA substance Registry system Lithium nitrate (7790-69-4)


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Lithium nitrate chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical properties

Lithium Nitrate is an inorganic compound through the formula LiNO3 with highly water solubility. Every metallic nitrates are not natural salts of a given metal cation and also the nitrate anion. The nitrate anion is a univalent (-1 charge) polyatomic ion composed of a solitary nitrogen atom ionically tied to three oxygen atoms because that a complete formula weight of 62.05. Nitrate compound are generally soluble in water.Lithium Nitrate is white trigonal crystal. It is soluble in water, ethanol, pyridine and ammonia. The aqueous equipment is neutral.

Solubility in water (g/100ml)

liquified amount (g) per 100 milliliters that water at different temperatures (° C)53.4g/0℃;60.8g/10℃;70.1g/20℃;138g/30℃;152g/40℃;175g/60℃

Toxicity

Lithium nitrate have the right to be toxicity to the body once ingested by targeting the main nervous system, thyroids, kidneys, and cardio-vascular system. When exposed come the skin, eyes, and also mucous membranes, lithium nitrate can cause irritation to these areas. It releases toxic and also irritating nitrogen oxides once it burns. That decomposes at high temperatures, creating toxic nitroxides. When people inhale these, they will be poisoned. Others describe sodium nitrate.

Application

provided as liquid ammonia stabilizer in refrigeration equipment, rocket propellant, oxidants of pyrotechnic manufacture, glass etchants, antistatic agents, ingredient of molten salt in metallurgical industry. Used as an analytical reagent; dissolving and also cooling agent; warm exchange carrier; catalyst because that the paint; raw materials of various other nickel salt; mordant of reducing dye. Used for the to produce of a phosphor, other lithium salt, nickel batteries and also for ceramics and also metal coloring. Provided in the electroplating industry; necessary synthesis and also production that hardening oil. Lithium Nitrate has actually been proposed as a tool to store heat accumulated from the sun for cooking. Lithium nitrate is likewise a very great oxidizing agent in the produce of red-colored fireworks and also flares. Currently, lithium nitrate is gift tested to watch if it have the right to be used to concrete-pavement to withstand weathering effects.

Preparation

Lithium hydroxide or lithium carbonate is included to the reactor include distilled water, and nitric acid is slowly added under stirring and also heating to lug out the reaction. Then us evaporate it to dryness and heat the under vacuum at about 200 ° C, ultimately we acquire lithium nitrate. HNO3+LiOH→LiNO3+H2O

Explosive characteristics

May cause the acceleration the the burning of flammability materials. Prolonged exposure to warm or flames may result in an explosion.

References

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Lithium_nitrate#section=Tophttps://www.americanelements.com/lithium-nitrate-7790-69-4https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_nitrate

Chemical Properties

Lithium nitrate is a colorless deliquescent powder, enthalpy of blend 24.90 kJ/mol; deserve to be all set by reaction that HNO3 with LiOH or Li2CO3, followed by evaporation to dryness and also then heater at ~200°C in vacuum; offered in ceramics, pyrotechnics, molten salt baths, rocket propellants, refrigerators.

Uses

Lithium nitrate have the right to be supplied in unique pyrotechnic gadgets to offer a red flame. Lithium nitrate may also be provided in combination with various other salts, an especially nitrates, to create low-melting fused salt mixtures.Used in ceramics, heat-exchange media, refrigeration systems.

Definition

ChEBI: The not natural nitrate salt of lithium.

Preparation

Lithium nitrate is readily prepared industrially or in the laboratory by the reaction oflithium hydroxide or lithium carbonate with nitric acid. The resulting systems is evaporatedand the solid is dried to acquire anhydrous lithium nitrate. Lithium nitrate is really soluble inwater. The link absorbs moisture from the air. Below about 30 °C the crystallizesfrom systems as lithium nitrate trihydrate; above that temperature the anhydrous materialprecipitates back the question of the existence of a half-hydrate is not entirely settled.

General Description

A white to irradiate yellow colored crystalline solid. Denser 보다 water. Contact with the material may reason irritation to skin, eyes, and also mucous membranes. May be toxic by ingestion. May cause the acceleration that the burn of flammability materials. Lengthy exposure to heat or flames may an outcome in an explosion.

Air & Water Reactions

Deliquescent. Soluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Lithium nitrate is one oxidizing agent. Mixtures with alkyl esters may explode fan to the development of alkyl nitrates; mixtures with phosphorus, tin(II) chloride, or other reducing agents may react explosively .

Health Hazard

Inhalation, gulp down or call (skin, eyes) with vapors or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Fire may create irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire manage or dilution water may cause pollution.

Fire Hazard

this substances will accelerate burn when connected in a fire. Some might decompose explosively as soon as heated or associated in a fire. Might explode from warmth or contamination. Some will react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). Might ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may develop fire or to explode hazard.

Potential Exposure

Lithium nitrate is used in ceramics,pyrotechnics, salt baths; refrigeration systems; and also rocketpropellants

Shipping

UN2722 Lithium nitrate, risk Class: 5.1;Labels: 5.1-Oxidizer

Purification Methods

that crystallises from water or EtOH. Dried it at 180o for numerous days by repeated melting under vacuum. If the is crystallised indigenous water maintaining the temperature above 70o, development of trihydrate is avoided. The anhydrous salt is dried in ~ 120o and also stored in a vacuum desiccator end CaSO4. After the 99% pure salt was recrystallised 3times, the contained: steel (ppm) Ca (1.6), K (1.1), Mo (0.4), Na (2.2).

Incompatibilities

might explode once exposed to sparks,shock and also heat. Violent reactions v combustible materials;oxidizers, necessary materials; to reduce agents; strong acids

Lithium nitrate preparation Products and Raw materials

Raw materials