What is the charge on Cl2?
The chemical symbol 2Cl− means that you have 2 moles of Cl− ion. For an ion, the oxidation state is the charge. Since one chloride ion has a charge of -1, then that would be its oxidation state. The overall oxidation state of the 2 moles Cl− ion is, therefore, -2 (as 2 moles multiplied by the charge -1).
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What is the most common ion for chlorine?
Chloride Ion is a chlorine anion that forms the negatively charged part of certain salts, including sodium and hydrogen chloride salts, and is an essential electrolyte located in all body fluids responsible for maintaining acid/base balance, transmitting nerve impulses and regulating fluid in and out of cells.
How many CL are in a ion?
Therefore, the contribution from each face centre atom is half. As we have 8 corner and 6 face-centre ions, therefore, we can write that the total contribution of the chloride ion in one unit cell is 8×18+6×12=4 . So, there are four chlorine ions in the unit cell of sodium chloride.
Is an ion a particle?
Particles can be atoms, molecules or ions. Atoms are single neutral particles. Molecules are neutral particles made of two or more atoms bonded together. An ion is a positively or negatively charged particle.
How many Cl ions are there for each Na+ ion in the formula?
six chlorine ions
What reacts vigorously with Cl2?
The reaction between chlorine and other elements can often be vigorous. For example, chlorine reacts explosively with hydrogen to form hydrogen chloride: Chlorine is a strong oxidizing agent (a chemical substance that gives up or takes on electrons from another substance).
Why does chlorine have a 2?
Cl2-A Diatomic Molecule With seven electrons in its outermost orbit–one electron short of a “stable eight”– the element chlorine exists in nature as a diatomic molecule. This arrangement allows two chlorine atoms to share their outermost orbit electrons, achieving stability, compared to the single atom.
Is chloride bad for plants?
Plants take up chloride as Cl- ion from soil solution. It plays some important roles in plants, including in photosynthesis, osmotic adjustment and suppression of plant disease. However, high concentrations of chloride can cause toxicity problems in crops and reduce the yield.
Is chloride harmful to humans?
Chloride toxicity has not been observed in humans except in the special case of impaired sodium chloride metabolism, e.g. in congestive heart failure (13). Healthy individuals can tolerate the intake of large quantities of chloride provided that there is a concomitant intake of fresh water.
Is chloride a disinfectant?
Chloride is what is created when Chlorine gains an electron and combines with other elements. The health department requires all public pools to have some sort of disinfectant and Chlorine is a very powerful disinfectant. It keeps the pool clean and free of harmful bacteria left behind by swimmers.
What germs does chlorine kill?
How quickly does chlorine kill common illness-causing germs? Free chlorine kills most bacteria, such as E. coli 0157:H7, in less than a minute if its concentration and pH are maintained as CDC recommends. However, a few germs are moderately (Giardia, Hepatitis A) to very (Cryptosporidium) chlorine tolerant.
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How does chlorine work as a disinfectant?
Chlorine kills pathogens such as bacteria and viruses by breaking the chemical bonds in their molecules. Underchloric acid (HOCl, which is electrically neutral) and hypochlorite ions (OCl-, electrically negative) will form free chlorine when bound together. This results in disinfection.