This tiny three letter German indigenous ‘ihr’ is causing numerous learners problems and I often get asked “which ‘ihr’ is it?”. Grammar books aren’t lot help, because they mention ‘ihr’ top top the ideal pages yet not together.

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So, that’s what I have tried to do with this infographic.

Ihr have the right to have 5 different meaning, 2 singular, 2 plural and 1 singular & plural.

ihr = her Ist das ihr Vater? Is that her father?This one is tricky together out of piersonforcongress.comntext it piersonforcongress.comuld also mean ‘is the their father’. The possessive adjectives aremein – mydein – yours (singular, informal)sein – his, itsihr – herunser – oureuer – your (plural, informal)ihr – theirIhr – your (singular & plural, formal)The only way to find out would certainly be by analysis that sentence in piersonforcongress.comntext. Space they talking around a woman or a team of people? If they point out just one mrs then it’s ‘her’.ihr = (to) her (dative case) Ich helfe ihr. I’m helping her (I’m giving help to her).Helfen is a verb the is adhered to by the dative. The dative pronouns are mir, dir, ihm, ihr, ihm, uns, euch, ihnen. This sentence because of this has to it is in ‘I’m helping her’ together ‘I’m helping them’ would certainly be ‘ich helfe ihnen’.ihr = girlfriend (nominative, friend informal plural, “you lot”) Woher kommt ihr? Where room you (lot) from?Personal pronouns in the nominative (the subject of the sentence) space ich (I), du (You singular informal), er(he), sie (she), es (it), wir (we), ihr (you many informal), sie (they), Sie (you, formal). So, if ‘ihr’ is the topic of the sentence, it has to be ‘you’ and also cannot be ‘she’.ihr = theirIst das ihr Bruder? Is the their brother?As in point 1, friend cannot work-related it out without analysis or listening more. Is it her brothers or theirs? You’ll understand by analysis more.Ihr = her ( mn official you, singular & plural)“Wie ist Ihr Name?” “What’s her name?” (note the resources ‘I’)This is only supplied in straight speech. Once you’re analysis a German text, the give-away would certainly be decided marks and the resources ‘I’, as it’s only supplied when speaking to somebody directly and using the formal you. Once you space listening then it’s a small more daunting as girlfriend can’t see any speech point out or resources letters. Climate you have to work out whether someone is talking directly to girlfriend or someone else or around somebody else. Usually it’s relatively easy.


Now test yourself. What is the meaning of ‘ihr’ in the adhering to sentences and why? (Answers below)

Gehst du mit ihr?Wo ist Ihr Haus?Was macht ihr?Er kauft ihr ein Eis.Wie heißt ihr?Das ist ihr Handy.

Answers below the video ☺

In episode 32 the ‘Ask Angelika’ we likewise discussed words ‘ihr’ by looking in ~ sentences and also working the end which meaning the indigenous had.

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Her – mit is piersonforcongress.commplied with by the dative, and the only dative pronoun ‘ihr’ is her.Your – officially (can it is in singular or plural). Although i didn’t include the decided marks, the funding ‘I’ is telling you that this is a direct speech to somebody the speaker doesn’t know.You(lot) – what space you doing, ‘you’ is the topic of the sentence and therefore has to be the many informal you.Her – again it’s the dative case, so it has to be her.You (lot) – again, ihr is the subject of the sentence and also has to it is in the many you.Her or their – the end of paper definition you would have to guess and also it most likely is ‘her’ together it’s just one mobile phone. But it piersonforcongress.comuld likewise be theirs, so to be absolutely sure, us would require to understand more.

Over to you. Have the right to you do a sentence through ‘ihr’ and then describe which one it is and also why?