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A moment in History


Antoine Louis (1723–1792)

French surgeon, anatomist, and also physiologist. Following his medical studies and a long career as a physiologist, Antoine luigi was named Permanent Secretary the the imperial French Academy that Surgery. His other titles were those that Professor that the imperial Academy, Consultant surgeon of the armies of the King, member of the Royal society of sciences of Montpellier, Inspector the the Royal military Hospitals, and also Doctor in regulation of the college of Paris. As a member of these academies louis was crucial in the design and also construction that the guillotine. Initially called the "Louisette", this maker was later named after another French physician in the exact same committee, Dr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin.

Antoine Louis" surname is better know to history as the eponymic beginning of the "sternal angle" additionally know together the "Angle of Louis" and synonymously (probably through misspelling or translation) the "angle that Lewis", and also "angle of Ludwig". This anatomical landmark is extremely essential as the serves together a superficial landmark for essential anatomical events (click here).

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As a point of controversy, there space some that challenge the background of this eponym adjudicating it to Pierre Charles Alexander louis (1787-1872), an additional French physician committed to the examine of tuberculosis.

Sources:1. Srickland, N; Strickland A edge of Louis, more Than Meets the Eye. MedTalks:2. Ramana, R. K., Sanagala, T. And also Lichtenberg, R. (2006), A brand-new Angle on the angle of Louis. Congestive heart Failure, 12: 197–199 3. "The beginning of medical Terms" Skinner, HA; 1970

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The suffix <-(o)penia> arises from the Greek <πενία> or , meaning "poverty" or "to lack". In clinical terminology this suffix is offered to median "a deficiency", or "lack of". Instances of its usage are:

Leukopenia or leukocytopenia: A mix of root terms; , means "white", and <-cyt-> method "cell". A white cell deficiency • Pancytopenia: The prefix method "wide" or "many". The term refers to the deficiency that a wide variety of cells, in this case, blood cells• Neutropenia or neutrocytopenia: Refers to the deficiency the neutrophil cell or polymorphonuclear leukocytes, The many common type of white blood cells• Osteopenia: The root term <-oste> method "bone". A bone deficiency, not low sufficient to be classified together osteoporosis• Erythropenia: The root term <-erythr-> way "red". A deficiency the red blood cells