Copper

facet 29 of periodic table is Copper through atomic number 29, atomic weight 63.546. Copper, price Cu, has a Face focused Cubic structure and also Copper color. Copper is a transition metal element. Trivial name of Copper is coinage metals. Understand everything about Copper Facts, physical Properties, chemical Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Copper is a chemical facet with prize Cu (from Latin:cuprum) and atomic number 29. It is a soft, malleable and also ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. A freshly exposed surface of pure copper has actually a reddish-orange color.

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Copper Facts

Read an essential information and facts about element Copper

name Copper
atomic Number 29
atomic Symbol Cu
Atomic weight 63.546
step Solid
color Copper
Classification transition metal
group in routine Table 11
Group Name copper family
duration in routine Table 4
Block in periodic Table d-block
Electronic Configuration 3d10 4s1
Melting point 1084.62 °C
Boiling point 2927 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 18, 1>
CAS Number CAS7440-50-8

ar
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

discover our interactive periodic table


How to locate Copper on periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged by atom number, number of protons in the nucleus i beg your pardon is exact same as number of electrons. The atom number rises from left to right. Routine table beginning at height left ( atom number 1) and also ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Thus you can straight look for atomic number 29 to find Copper on periodic table.

Another method to read periodic table and also locate an facet is by using team number (column) and period number (row). To situate Copper on periodic table look for cross ar of group 11 and period 4 in the contemporary periodic table.

discover Interactive regular Table come Understand and also Learn Cool fads

Table of Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Databases
Compare Copper with various other elements

Copper History

The facet Copper was uncovered by Middle east in year 8000 BC in unknown ar . Copper derived its surname from English word (Latin cuprum)

Copper Presence: abundance in Nature and Around Us

The table below shows the diversity of Copper in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
variety in universe 6×10-6%
variety in sunlight 7e-07
variety in Meteorites 0.00011
Abundance in Earth"s late 6.8e-05
abundance in oceans 3×10-7%
variety in human beings 1e-06

Crystal structure of Copper

The heavy state structure of Copper is Face centered Cubic.

The crystal structure deserve to be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats itself in 3 dimensional room to kind the structure.

Unit cell Parameters

The unit cabinet is stood for in terms of its lattice parameters, which space the lengths that the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
361.49 361.49 361.49 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The location of the atoms within the unit cell are defined by the set of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the decision are described by the concept of an are groups. All feasible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional room are described by the 230 space groups (219 distinctive types, or 230 if chiral copies are taken into consideration distinct.

space Group surname Fm_ 3m
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room Group Number 225
Crystal framework Face centered Cubic

Copper Atomic and Orbital Properties

Copper atoms have actually 29 electrons and the electronic shell structure is <2, 8, 18, 1> with Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2S1/2.


atom Number 29
Number of electrons (with no charge) 29
Number that Protons 29
Mass Number 64
Number the Neutrons 35
Shell framework (Electrons per power level) <2, 8, 18, 1>
Electron construction 3d10 4s1
Valence Electrons 3d10 4s1
Oxidation State -2 1;2;3;4
Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2S1/2

Shell structure of Copper - electrons per energy level


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Ground State electronic Configuration that Copper - neutral Copper atom

The soil state digital configuration that Neutral Copper atom is 3d10 4s1. The part of Copper configuration the is identical to the noble gas of the coming before period, is abbreviated as . For atoms with plenty of electrons, this notation can become an extensive and for this reason an abbreviated notation is used.This is essential as that is the Valence electron 3d10 4s1, electron in the outermost covering that identify the chemistry properties that the element.

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Unabbreviated electronic configuration that neutral Copper

Complete floor state digital configuration for the Copper atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s1

Atomic framework of Copper

Copper atom radius is 145 pm, when it"s covalent radius is 138 pm.

atom Radius

145 afternoon (1.45 Å)

Atomic Volume 7.12399103139 cm3
Covalent Radius 138 pm (1.38 Å)
valve der Waals Radius 140 pm
ghost Cross ar 3.78 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum that Copper

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Copper chemistry Properties: Copper Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity that Copper is 118.4 kJ/mol

Valence 2
Electronegativity 1.9
ElectronAffinity 118.4 kJ/mol

Ionization power of Copper

Refer to table below for Ionization energies of Copper

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 745.5
2 1957.9
3 3555
4 5536
5 7.7×103
6 9.9×103
7 1.34×104
8 1.6×104
9 1.92×104
10 2.24×104
11 2.56×104
12 3.56×104
13 3.87×104
14 4.2×104
15 4.67×104
16 5.02×104
17 5.37×104
18 6.11×104
19 64702
20 1.637×105
21 1.741×105

Copper physics Properties

Refer to listed below table for Copper physical Properties

thickness 8.92 g/cm3
Molar Volume 7.12399103139 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 130 GPa
Shear Modulus 48 GPa
mass Modulus 140 GPa
Poisson proportion 0.34

Hardness that Copper - exam to measure of Hardness of Element

Mohs Hardness 3 MPa
Vickers Hardness 369 MPa
Brinell Hardness 874 MPa

Copper electrical Properties

Copper is Conductor the electricity. Refer to table below for the electric properties the Copper

electrical Conductivity 5.9×107 S/m
Resistivity 1.7×10-8 m Ω
Superconducting allude N/A

Copper Heat and Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 400 W/(m K)
Thermal development 0.0000165 K-1

Copper Magnetic Properties

Magnetic form Diamagnetic
Curie point N/A
mass Magnetic Susceptibility -1.08×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -6.86×10-11
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -9.63×10-6

Optical properties of Copper

Refractive table of contents N/A

Acoustic properties of Copper

speed of Sound 3570 m/s

Copper heat Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics

Refer come table listed below for thermal properties that Copper

Melting allude 1357.77 K (1084.62 °C)
Boiling allude 3.2×103 K (2927 °C)
critical Temperature N/A
Superconducting point N/A

Enthalpies that Copper

heat of blend 13.1 kJ/mol
warm of Vaporization 300 kJ/mol
warmth of burning N/A

Copper isotopes - nuclear Properties of Copper

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally occurring Copper has actually 2 secure isotope - 63Cu, 65Cu.


Isotope Isotope fixed % variety T fifty percent Decay setting
52Cu
53Cu
54Cu
55Cu
56Cu
57Cu
58Cu
59Cu
60Cu
61Cu
62Cu
63Cu 69.17% stable N/A
64Cu
65Cu 30.83% secure N/A
66Cu
67Cu
68Cu
69Cu
70Cu
71Cu
72Cu
73Cu
74Cu
75Cu
76Cu
77Cu
78Cu
79Cu
80Cu

Regulatory and also Health - Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-50-8
RTECS Number RTECSGL5325000
period Hazard course 4.1
dot Numbers 3089
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 1
NFPA hazards N/A
NFPA health and wellness Rating 1
NFPA Reactivity Rating 0
Autoignition point N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

perform of distinct identifiers to search the element in assorted chemical registry databases

Database i would number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts service (CAS) CAS7440-50-8
CID Number CID23978
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSGL5325000

Compare Copper with all Group 11 elements

Copper vs silver Copper vs gold Copper vs Roentgenium

Compare Copper v all transition metal elements

Copper vs Scandium Copper vs Titanium Copper vs Vanadium Copper vs Chromium Copper vs Manganese Copper vs iron Copper vs Cobalt Copper vs Nickel Copper vs Zinc Copper vs Yttrium Copper vs Zirconium Copper vs Niobium Copper vs Molybdenum Copper vs Technetium Copper vs Ruthenium Copper vs Rhodium Copper vs Palladium Copper vs silver- Copper vs Cadmium Copper vs Hafnium Copper vs Tantalum Copper vs Tungsten Copper vs Rhenium Copper vs Osmium Copper vs Iridium Copper vs Platinum Copper vs gold Copper vs Mercury Copper vs Rutherfordium Copper vs Dubnium Copper vs Seaborgium Copper vs Bohrium Copper vs Hassium Copper vs Meitnerium Copper vs Darmstadtium Copper vs Roentgenium Copper vs Copernicium