In our everyday encounters with various other people, we use these unit volume over and over.

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They aren’t just simple questions—in fact, sometimes they aren’t really questions at all—but sports on a really commonplace greeting.

This form of greeting isn’t so various in Spanish, however if you’veever spent more than five minutes in a Spanish classroom, you may think you’ve currently learned everything around how come say “How are you?” in Spanish the there is to know.

Maybe your teacher or your language partner starts every session with “¿Cómo estás?”

And girlfriend respond, by memory, v “Bien, gracias. ¿Y tú?”

This is a entirely fine exchange, and it’ll suffice as a simple greeting.

But, let’s it is in honest: it can get a tiny boring. It’s additionally just not realistic to assume that all your Spanish conversations with indigenous speakers will go this way.

In this post, you’ll discover eight other methods to speak “How are you?” in Spanish that are a little much more exciting.

We’ll even carry out some ideal responses.

Download: This blog post is obtainable as a convenient and also portable PDF that youcan take anywhere. Click here to get a copy. (Download)

The an easy Greeting: ¿Cómo Estás?

You need to learn the basics prior to you deserve to move past them, that course.

The most basic greeting the you would usage to questioning “How space you?” come one person, in an informal setting, is:

¿Cómo estás? (How space you?)

A slight variation top top this greeting is ¿Cómo estás tú? This method exactly the very same thing, however includes the optional pronoun (you).

In Spanish, the method you conjugate a verb changes depending on how many people you’re addressing, and on even if it is you’re in a formal or informal situation. In this case, the vital verb is estar (to be).

(If you’re unclear on verb conjugation, check out this simple guide come conjugating the Spanish present tense.)

So, depending upon who you’re speaking to, friend may need to slightly adjust your conjugation. For each that the instances below, I’ll administer the suitable pronoun in parentheses. Just like in the example above, this pronouns room optional and also do not impact the definition of the sentence.

¿Cómo está (usted)?

The pronoun usted refers to a singular “you” in a official situation. Use this greeting when talking to a stranger, someone lot older than you or who in a place of superiority. For example, you could use ¿Cómo está? when greeting her friend’s grandfather, your boss, your professor, the queen of Spain and so on.

¿Cómo están (ustedes)?

Ustedes refers to a plural “you.” use it when greeting 2 or an ext people in ~ the exact same time.

Across Latin America, ustedes can be offered in formal or not blocked situations. In Spain, it’s used specifically in formal instances (like usted).

¿Cómo estáis (vosotros)?

If you occur to be speaking Spanish in Spain, use vosotros once talking come a team of people in casual situation, such as once you’re speak to a team of friends.

There are plenty of ways to respond to the greeting “How are you?”

In Spanish, a safe response is:

Bien, gracias. ¿Y tú? (Fine, thanks. And also you?)

This is a polite and also simple way to keep the conversation going.

Of course, if you’re in a formal situation or talk to more than one person, you’ll want to instead of for usted, ustedes or vosotros where appropriate.

Why You need to Go past the Basics v “How space You?”

Sure, the abovewill gain you through basic Spanish conversations. Yet why avoid there? there are tons of means to greet and also be greeted in Spanish—it’s a great idea to know an ext than one.

Learning alternating greetings can enable you to vary your ton to suit much more formal or casual situations. friend wouldn’t greet your ideal friend the same means you would greet a client, right? It’s the very same in Spanish—different greetings sound much more natural in different company.

Plus, varying your speech trends helps you sound more like a native speaker. I’ll bet when you talk in English, you don’t continuous repeat the expression “How room you?” you probably readjust it up through phrases favor “How’s the going?” or “What’s walk on?” Moving beyond “How space you?” means moving past classroom Spanish and also learning real-world Spanish.

Not come mention, learning slangy choices to common phrases can be a most fun. If you’re ever unsure about a slang term, language student forums prefer the ones in ~ WordReference can be great resources.

Finally, it’s great to increase your vocabulary because—duh!—native speakers will usage these phrases as soon as they talk to you! when they do, you’ll want to understand and be able to respond.

“How are You?” in Spanish: 8 ways to readjust Up This Greeting

For every of these greetings, I’ll let girlfriend know how to politely respond. You can, the course, also respond to any type of of this greetings through letting your conversation partner know how you’re actually doing.

But as soon as you’re talking through strangers or acquaintances, it’s good to know how to give a noncommittal response like “It’s all good” or “Oh, naught much.”

Unclear on exactly how to pronounce any type of of the indigenous in this post? Forvo is a an excellent resource through crowd-sourced pronunciations noted by indigenous speakers.

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testimonial a complete interactive transcript under the Dialogue tab, and find words and also phrases detailed under Vocab.


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¿Cómo andas (tú)?

The verb andar means “to walk” or “to go,” so this greeting is similar to the English “How’s the going?” It’s slightly much more casual and also slangy than the basic ¿Cómo estás?

Andar is a consistent -ar verb, so its various other conjugations are:

¿Cómo anda (usted)?

¿Cómo andan (ustedes)?

¿Cómo andáis (vosotros)?

You can respond come this in the same means you would respond to ¿Cómo estás?An answer favor Bien (good), Bastante bien (pretty good) or Muy bien (very good) is appropriate.

¿Qué me cuentas?

This greeting is fairly slangy. That literally converts to “What perform you tell me?” Think that it as a Spanish tantamount to the English “What’s walking on?”

It would certainly be a little awkward to use this greeting in the usted form since it’s for this reason informal—but here are every one of the conjugations simply in case.

Forusted:¿Qué me cuenta?

For ustedes: ¿Qué me cuentan?

For vosotros: ¿Qué me contáis?

Note below that contar is a stem-changing verb!

If who asked friend “What’s going on?” in English, you could respond through “Oh, no much.” It’s similar in Spanish. If who asks you ¿Qué me cuentas? you could respond through something like:


Nada en especial.(Nothing special.)

Lo normal.(The usual.)

No mucho.(Not much.)

It would certainly sound a little strange come respond v something favor Bien, gracias. This can be tricky to store track of, yet if you exercise enough, you’ll unconsciously start to establish what response sounds right and what sound awkward.

¿Cómo car va?

This greeting converts to something choose “How’s it going?” It have the right to be supplied in officially or unshened situations. In this case, to change the greeting you’ll have actually to adjust the indirect object pronoun from te to le, les or os.

For usted: ¿Cómo le va?

For ustedes: ¿Cómo les va?

For vosotros: ¿Cómo os va?

When responding to this, you deserve to re-use the verb va (it goes), indigenous the infinitiveir(to go).

Me va bien.(It’s walk well.)

Me va mal.(It’s walk badly.)

You can replace bien or mal with any kind of other proper adjective you have the right to think of. Some instances are espectacular (spectacular), genial (great), normal (normal), regular (just okay) or terrible (terrible).

¿Cómo va todo?

Very similar to the critical one, this phrasetranslates to “How’s whatever going?”

Luckily, in this instance there room no verbs to conjugate and also no indirect objects to adjust around—you can use this exact same greeting regardless of what case you’re in.

To respond, you have the right to say Va todo ___, filling in whatever adjective suits your mood. (See over for examples.)

¿Cómo van ras cosas?

This greeting way “How are things?” prefer the ahead case, over there is no require for conjugation here, because the verb van (they go) refers to the noun las cosas (the things).

If someone asks friend this,you can respond with a straightforward Bien (good) or Mal (bad), or you can make a complete sentence such as:

Las cosas van bien.(Things are going well.)

¿Qué tal?

Thisis casual greeting to be used among friends in a casual setting. The is similar to the English “What’s up?”

However, unequal the English “What’s up?” you have to not respond to ¿Qué tal?with “Nothing much” or any kind of variant thereof. Instead, respond v an adjective—bien, mal, regular, genial, terrible,etc.—like you would respond to¿Cómo estás?

¿Qué hay?

This at sight informal greeting literally translates to “What is there?” and also should just be used in really casual, friendly situations. You deserve to think of it as a shortening the ¿Qué hay de nuevo? (What’s new?). Again, no conjugations come worry about here.

A good, accordingly casual an answer to this greeting would be something prefer Todo bien (all good) or No me quejo (can’t complain).

¿Qué pasa?

This Spanish greeting has crossed over into English-language slang, so you may currently be acquainted with it! It’s another super colloquial method to asking “What’s up?” or “What’s walking on?”

A normal solution would be some variant ofNadaorLo normal.See the section on¿Qué me cuentas?for some examples of great responses.

The following time you need to greet someone in Spanish, move out of your comfort zone!

You wouldn’t just repeat “How are you?” over and over again in your native language, and also there’s no reason to perform so in Spanish.

Native speakers will pick up on your varied vocabulary, and it’ll do you sound much more natural.

Download: This blog short article is available as a convenient and portable PDF that youcan take anywhere. Click below to acquire a copy. (Download)

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