Internet TerminologyWhat execute all these acronyms and terms mean?World broad Web |Email| GeneralWorldWide internet TermsBanner heralding Theterm offered for ads that show up usually on the height of the display screen of a webpage. Commonly will show up very first when you fill a page, and usuallyis flashy. Sometimes additional window(s) will open up automaticallyleading girlfriend to complete web pages for a particular product. Clickingon this ad will usually open up at the very least one additional window to a website that desires to market you something (usually somehow regarded yoursearch or internet page you have found). In general, because that this course,I"d introduce you NOT click on these ads together they occasionally open multiplewindows and also can eventually crash her computer. Castle can also wasteyour time. Blog Short for net log, a blog is a internet page that serves as a publicly-accessible personal journal because that an individual. Generally updated daily, blogs frequently reflect the personality that the author. Sometimes a blog functions like a discussion board since users are regularly invited come respond to the author"s comments and also create an digital discussion.

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Browser The namefor software packages that enables us to check out the World vast Web.Netscape Navigator and Microsoft Internet traveler are two such browsers.Canvas A product name for courseware. Courseware is a software regime an instructor supplies to provide a course v the World broad Web. Other instances of courseware include Blackboard and also Moodle. Cookie Amessage given to a Web browser by a internet server. The internet browser stores themessage in a text document called cookie.txt. The message is then sent backto the server every time the web browser requests a page from the server. The mainpurpose of cookies is to determine users and also possibly prepare customizedWeb pages for them. As soon as you get in a web site making use of cookies, you may beasked to fill out a type providing such information as her name and interests.This details is packaged into a cookie and sent come your web browserwhich stores it for later use. The following time you walk to the same web site,your browser will send the cookie to the net server. The server have the right to usethis information to current you with custom internet pages. So, because that example,instead the seeing simply a generic welcome page you could see a welcome pagewith her name top top it. Domain Look underGeneral HTML (HypertextMarkup Language) The programming language the is offered to createweb pages. The is a coding language wherein a block of text is surroundedby password to indicate just how should the message appear. It also providescommands as to where items from other records should it is in placed, suchas images. Records that finish with .htm or .html are papers that containHypertext Markup Languages and can be regarded through a Browser.HTTP (HypertextTransfer Protocol) The major protocol for the World broad Web. Withthis protocol, girlfriend can accessibility any internet page on any public World wide WebServer ~ above the Internet. Hypertext Generally,any message that includes "links" to other documents - native or paragraph inthe file that can be preferred by the user and which cause an additional documentto be retrieved and displayed. The text is usually underlined orhighlighted.Invisible Web Theterm used to define those net sites that find engines CANNOT choose up,usually due to the fact that to obtain to these sites you need to be in ~ a details siteor domain, first. Because that example, you can only retrieve particular censusdocuments by first going to the United claims census net site.They are filed in a way that each individual web page CANNOT it is in retrieved exceptfrom the site"s database. Also, web page that space not HTML files, suchas FTP files and also PDF documents (the latter, those choose up through Adobe Acrobat),will likewise NOT be picked up by many search engines (Google, at presentcan choose up some PDF files). Special internet directories calledInvisible net directories are now being developed to merely index the variousspecialized DATABASES a many of certain web sites have actually out there.Paid for Inclusion proclaiming Anew trend whereby search engines fee money to service providers or organizationsor persons who want to make sure their internet page is detailed in the searchresults page. Sometimes, there is an automatic guarantee the website will be listed, however others may require a payment simply for consideration.Usually, this sites are inserted in a unique category and may be so markedthat they room "Sponsored" web sites, however not always. Often, theywill be inserted on peak of the list and usually will be in larger fonts.The following search engines/web directories use this practice: GoTo.com(all that listings), LookSmart (sponsored ads are listed under "FeaturedListings"), all find engines that usage the Inktomi database, ask Jeeves,Alta Vista, rapid (AlltheWeb), Google, and others. (In Google, sponsoredsites are in a blue box field). To avoid just going to sitesthat room "bought" quite than those that might be of better quality, usersare motivated to acquire to recognize the interface of each find engine and also webdirectory"s search outcomes screen. Portal (Sometimesthe hatchet "metasite," "megasite," or "webliography" is used for together sites).From having the border of every topic to just to a certain subject,a Portal is a internet site where the creator(s) have taken time come findsites the are considered useful, may be affluent in information, and are offine quality. Part portals actually have actually a rating system, yet mostsimply list the sites reputed valuable. Portals include such sitesas INFOMINE,Academic Info and also Librarians" index to the Internet.Many libraries" web sites have subject guides and online referral directoriesthat would definitely fit this category. Users need to judge and evaluatethe top quality of a portal, just like any kind of other net page. Sometimesa portal will have actually a search engine as well. Note: a portal is not the same as a web brochure (one which just indexes the World wide Web).Search Engine Sitesthat assist users in finding internet pages relating to chosen topics. Forexample: Google, Yahoo, and also Infoseek. This sites save on computer programsthat allow users come search through at least one database the searchesfor words throughout the internet. Web directories room thosethat actually index the web (usually just a portion), and also those together asYahoo! command you to the indexed sites, first, prior to searching the worldwide Web as a whole. Portals or meta website are those thatselect net sites that space of significant quality, sometimes based on particularsubjects. Those containing find engines will certainly lead you to a listof sites that space indexed. A meta-search engine is a searchengine that acts as an user interface as that searches more than among the othersearch engines at once. For example, Dogpile will certainly search the databasesof Yahoo!, Altavista, and Hotbot in ~ once. URL (Uniform ResourceLocator) A net address. This is one addressing system that allowsyou to situate Internet papers on the World broad Web and other placeson the InternetA URL looks choose this:http://www.webwx.comA URL can additionally be very long.For example, the URL because that this web page is:http://www.piersonforcongress.com/Library/abby/internet.htmlWeb Directory Usuallya form of search engine, a web magazine indexes a portion of the global Web (that portion contains sites the were registered straight tothe find engine"s agency and/or uncovered by human being employed by the searchengine"s company). The indexing is commonly done by humans and also a controlledvocabulary is provided so that internet sites on comparable subjects have the right to be groupedtogether. Due to the fact that the World vast Web is constantly growing and URLs arealways changing, net Directories usually have the right to only table of contents a little portionof the Web. Yahoo!, LookSmart, and Open Directoryare web directories. A web brochure could sometimes also have theelements of a meta-site or a portal as wellE-MailTermsAttachment A fileattached come an e-mail message. Countless e-mail systems just support sendingtext papers as e-mail. If the attachments is a binary document or formatted textfile (such as a MS-Word document), it should be encoded prior to it is sentand decoded as soon as it is received. Recent versions of email softwaresuch as Hotmail and Eudora most often do the encoding and decoding automatically.Domain Look underGeneral Emoticon Anacronym because that emotion icon, a small icon composed of point charactersthat indicates how an e-mail message need to be construed (that is,the writer"s mood). For example, a :-) emoticon indicates that the messageis intended as a joke and shouldn"t be taken seriously. One emoticonis additionally called a smiley. EmoticonMeaning
:-)Joking
:-0Bored
;-)Winking
:-(Sad
:-Frowning
Listserv An automaticmailing perform server occurred by Eric cutting board for BITNET in 1986. As soon as e-mailis handle to a LISTSERV mail list, it is instantly broadcastto anyone on the list. The an outcome is comparable to a newsgroup or forum,except that the messages space transmitted together e-mail and are therefore availableonly to individuals on the list. Mailbox An areain storage or on a storage maker where e-mail is placed. Ine-mail systems, every user has actually a private mailbox. When the user receivese-mail, the mail system automatically puts that in the mailbox. Spam (or spamming) Aninappropriate attempt to use a mailing list, or USENET or various other networkedcommunications facility together if it to be a broadcast medium by sending out thesame post to a large number of people who didn"t ask because that it. Massjunk Email. Urban Legends Theterm provided for emails friend will often receive that normally will have actually sometype of warning or some kind of story and also may encourage you come send thismessage to numerous others. Often, stories are comprised or taken the end ofcontext or are just not true, or there to serve choose spam, wherein yousend multiple message to other people. These emails can regularly beseen as "tall tales" or may be just "pulling your leg." some viruswarnings room really urban legends (and often untrue). Some Emailchain letters are likewise Urban Legends. Virus Look underGeneral Worm Look underGeneralGeneralInternet TermsCyberspace A metaphorfor describing the non-physical terrain created by computer system systems. Onlinesystems, for example, create a cyberspace in ~ which human being can communicatewith one another (via e-mail), do research, or simply home window shop. Likephysical space, cyberspace includes objects (files, mail messages, graphics,etc.) and different modes of transportation and also delivery. Unlike genuine space,though, experimenting cyberspace does no require any physical movement otherthan pressing tricks on a key-board or moving a mouse. Discussion boards Also recognized as Bulletin plank or conversation Groups, conversation Boards room online forums where individuals can article messages. Messages are usually group by topics and such topic groups are usually called threads. Domain Typicallythe last 3 letters of an Internet resolve represent the domain or particularsection of the Internet. If friend notice, both Email and also Web addressesend through these suffixes. Domain suffixes include:
.eduEducational Institutions
.govU.S. Government
.comCommercial (Business)
.netNetwork InfrastructureOrganizations
.orgUsually a Non-Profit Organization
.milMilitary Organization
.storeBusinesses giving goods
.infoInformation Services
.nomIndividuals v personalsites
.firmBusinesses or Firms
.webentities emphasizing theWorld broad Web
.artsCultural Groups
.recRecreational or EntertainmentActivities
.us or.ca or.uk,etc.Recognized by only two letters,these domain names have codes that represent specific countries (such together .ilfor Italy and also .jp for Japan). Together of right now, net addresses thathave the domain names such as .com or .org most regularly identify joined Statesbusinesses, organizations, etc (though that is gradually changing).A net site with the address that has a nation domain can be ANYof the species of entities listed above.
Download To takeinformation indigenous one computer system to one more computer or to a floppy disk.On the Internet, once you download you are taking information from a remotecomputer. FTP (File transfer Protocol) Theprotocol provided on the net for sending files. These files canbe from any program and the only method they deserve to be perceived is if girlfriend havethe program that matches the specific file, or what is dubbed a "viewer"to see them. For example, a PowerPoint presentation the is not convertedto html have the right to only open up up if you"re in PowerPoint or your web web browser hasa kind of plugin which can view PowerPoint presentations.ISP (Internet company Provider) Aninstitution (usually a private company) the provides accessibility to the Internetin part form, typically for money. LAN (Local Area Network) Acomputer network minimal to the instant area, occasionally to the very same flooror exact same building. Netiquette Networketiquette, or the etiquette of the Internet. Network Any timeyou affix two or much more computers with each other so that they have the right to share resources,you have a computer system network Newsgroup USENET.A forum or one on-line conversation group, generally covering any conceivableinterest. Come view and post message to a newsgroup, you need a newsreader, a routine that runs on her computer and connects you to a newsserver top top the Internet. Plugin A hardwareor software application module that adds a details feature or business to a largersystem. For example, there space a variety of plug-ins because that the Netscape Navigatorbrowser that permit it to display different types of audio or videomessages.

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Server A computer,or a software package, that provides a certain kind of service to clientsoftware running on various other computers. The term have the right to refer to a particularpiece the software, as a WWW server, or to the machine on i beg your pardon the softwareis running. Telnet The commandand program offered to login indigenous one internet site come another. Thetelnet command/program gets you come the "login" notice of an additional host computer.A usual telnet display screen is one v a level background (usually black color orwhite) and also does not contain any type of graphics. UNIX A computeroperating system (the an easy software to run on a computer, underneaththings prefer word processors and also spreadsheets). It is the most commonoperating system for servers top top the Internet. Virus A regimen or pieceof password that is loaded onto your computer system without her knowledge and also runsagainst your wishes. Many viruses can additionally replicate themselves. Every computerviruses space manmade. A basic virus that deserve to make a copy of itself overand end again is relatively easy come produce. Also such a an easy virusis dangerous due to the fact that it will conveniently use all easily accessible memory and also bringthe mechanism to a halt. An even much more dangerous form of virus is one capableof transmitting itself throughout networks and bypassing defense systems.Worm (1)A worm is a special type of virus that deserve to replicate itself and use memory,but cannot affix itself to other programs. (2) A term usedloosely for more recent viruses the are sent through Email and also affectEmail software programs such as Microsoft Outlook. When the virusis opened, the sender unknowingly sends out the virus come anyone they are emailing(usually as a different message). Or, in part Email softwareprograms, a message can be instantly sent to every addresses in the user"saddress publication without the user ever before knowing. The infamous I Love You,Melissa, and also Happy99 viruses are dubbed worms, mainly since they fitdefinition one, and also the "layman" started thinking of these form of Emailviruses as "worms." Definitions adapted fromprevious "Internet Skills" courses at Chabot, the computer Webopedia and fromthe university of Arizona Library"s "Internet Jargon and also Terms"
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