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“If it looks choose a duck, walks choose a duck, swims like a duck and quacks prefer a duck, it’s a duck”
Emil Mazey (1913-1983), the secretary-treasurer of the United Automobile Workers for 33 years, sassist at a labor meeting in 1946: “I can’t prove you are a Communist. But when I see a bird that quacks choose a duck, walks prefer a duck, has feathers and webbed feet and also associates via ducks—I’m absolutely going to assume that he IS a duck.” Wchange Reuther (1907-1970), the UAW president from 1946-1970, provided the “choose a duck” saying, as did labor leader James B. Carey (1911-1971). “Like a duck” has actually extfinished past its Communist-finding beginnings to end up being a part of general legal thinking. Wikipedia cites a comparable expression from Indiana poet James Whitcomb Riley, yet no such expression exists in any type of of his job-related. Wikipedia: Duck testThe duck test is a humorous term for a kind of inductive reasoning. This is its usual expression: “If it looks choose a duck, swims prefer a duck, and also quacks like a duck, then it probably is a duck.” The test means that a perchild can recognize an unrecognized subject by observing that subject’s habitual qualities. It is occasionally supplied to respond to abstruse disagreements that somepoint is not what it appears to be. HistoryIndiana poet James Whitcomb Riley (1849–1916) might have coined the phrase when he created “when I see a bird that walks like a duck and also swims choose a duck and quacks like a duck, I speak to that bird a duck.” The term was later on popularized in the USA by Rictough Cunningham Patterchild Jr., USA ambassador to Guatemala in the time of the Cold War in 1950, that offered the phrase as soon as he accsupplied the Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán government of being Communist. Patterboy described his reasoning as follows: “Suppose you see a bird walking about in a farm yard. This bird has actually no label that claims ‘duck’. But the bird absolutely looks prefer a duck. Also, he goes to the pond and you notification that he swims choose a duck. Then he opens his beak and also quacks prefer a duck. Well, by now you have most likely got to the conclusion that the bird is a duck, whether he’s wearing a label or not.” Later recommendations to the duck test encompass Cardinal Richard Cushing’s, that offered the phrase in 1964 in recommendation to Fidel Castro. Variants include Douglas Adams’ Dirk Gently’s Holistic Detective Agency: If it looks choose a duck, and quacks prefer a duck, we have actually at least to think about the opportunity that we have a small aquatic bird of the household anatidae on our hands. Walter P. Reuther Library UAW Secretary Treasurer’s Office: Emil Mazey RecordsPosted December 4th, 2008 by drice Date: 1942-1955, bulk 1947-1952A long-time member of the Socialist Party, Emil Mazey started his union career with the United Auto Workers at the Briggs Manufacturing Co. He would play leading duties in wage negotiations, arranging locals, and also acquiring etop quality for African-Amerideserve to employees. He offered as secretary-treasurer of the UAW for over 30 years in addition to scolors on the executive boards of both the UAW and the Congress of Industrial Organizations, and also directorships of numerous UAW departments. His records reflect mainly his lengthy tenure as secretary-treasurer and encompass appeal board instances, neighborhood and also neighborhood documents, and officer, department, and also council files. Google News Archive29 September 1946, Milwaukee (WI) Sentinel, pg. 1, col. 1:Communist ExposeThe Case of the DuckBy JOHN SENTINELWHAT is the Sentinel trying to do—promote a witch-hunting expedition? Not at all. The Sentinel is encouraging a duck hunting expedition, and also thereby hangs a tale. Emil Mazey, a Detroit labor leader, newly rose at a labor meeting to object to a proposed resolution as Communist. The male who presented the resolution tested Mazey to prove he was a Communist. Mazey retorted: “I can’t prove you are a Communist. But as soon as I view a bird that quacks favor a duck, walks choose a duck, has feathers and webbed feet and also associates via ducks—I’m absolutely going to assumer that he IS a duck.” Due to the fact that that timeless pronouncement, the duck is reported to have actually come to be a symbol in Detroit labor circles, and “Quack! Quack!” the literal rallying cry of the anti-Communist forces there whenever something that smells Communistic raises its head in union meeeting halls. Newsrecords.com30 September 1946, Sheboygan (WI) Press, “Mary Brendzej Denies She Is Communist In Interwatch,” pg. 8, cols. 1-2:Meanwhile, John O. McGlashan, Baraboo, special UIU organizer, declared: “we’re standing on the statements that we made Saturday to The Press: “When I watch a bird that quacks choose a duck, has feathers and also webbed feet and also associates through ducks, I’m certainly going to assume that he is a duck.” Newsfiles.com12 October 1946, The Financial Blog post (Toronto, ON), “How to Recognize a Red” by Ronald Williams, pg. 15, col. 1:“How perform you understand I’m a Communist?” the mover of the resolution asked. “Now, fellas,” sassist Emil (Mazey—ed.), turning to the meeting. “When you watch a bird that walks favor a duck, quacks like a duck and looks choose a duck and hangs roughly other ducks, you say, ‘Tright here is a duck!’” Google BooksNewsdocuments.com