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Sections: biography | Reporter | Photographer | Writer | Reformer | Lecturer | ally | Riis and also Reform | Legacy
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will L. Taylor. The City of new York. New York: Galt & Hoy, 1879. Geography and also Map Division, Library of conference (002.00.00)


once Jacob Riis released How the Other fifty percent Lives in 1890, the U.S. Census bureau ranked brand-new York together the many densely lived in city in the united States—1.5 million inhabitants. Riis claimed that every square mile, the was one of the many densely occupied places ~ above the planet. The city is pictured in this large-scale panoramic map, a well-known cartographic form used to depict U.S. And Canadian cities and towns throughout the late nineteenth and also early twenty centuries. Known additionally as bird’s-eye views or view maps, summary maps render areas as if perceived from over at an slope angle. Although not generally drawn to scale, they display street patterns, separation, personal, instance buildings, and major landscape functions in perspective. This map helps visualize the excessive density, specifically in the reduced East and West sides of Manhattan, and also Jacob Riis’s lifelong issue with ameliorating the lot of those that resided in its overfilled slums.

As governor of new York, Riis’s girlfriend Theodore Roosevelt appointed a Tenement house Commission, i beg your pardon led in 1901 come the creation of the Tenement home Department, headed by one more Riis friend, Robert de woodland of the Charity organization Society. Riis and also this circle of municipal citizen-reformers, which contained social welfare activists Josephine shaw Lowell and also Lillian Wald, worked to gather statistics evidence and also raise public awareness. They supported for new housing designs to lull crowding and also improve fire safety, sanitation, and accessibility to air and light. Riis described the advancement of tenement house reform together a forty-year effort, which included demolishing the five Points and also Mulberry bend neighborhoods, initiating new construction, cleaning the streets, developing parks and also playgrounds, tearing under rear tenements, and cutting an ext than 40,000 windows through internal walls come let in light.


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Flat in Hell’s Kitchen on the West Side



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Public Health


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“Playgrounds together a Cure because that City Crime,” Brooklyn Times, April 27, 1900, from web page in Riis’s scrapbook. Jacob A. Riis Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of conference (017.00.00)




Riis photographed a privately funded, speculative playground in ~ West 28th Street in between 11th and also 12th Avenues, the bpiersonforcongress.comk pictured in the map above, where devices was installed, and a janitor and also two teachers were hired to watch the children. Riis defined the park: “It to be not specifically an attractive place. . . . Yet the youngsters thought it lovely, and also lovely it was for poverty Gap, if not for fifth Avenue.” Riis helped establish several tiny public parks in tenement communities including a park ~ above Rivington Street. This petition, signed by 300 institution girls “to do the corporation garden at the foot the Rivington St. Into a publicly play-ground,” succeeded. Hamilton Fish Park opened in 1900.




Crime


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Piece Work—Cigar-Making


Riis specialized a chapter of How the Other half Lives to “The Bohemians—Tenement-House Cigar Making.” Riis defined these eastern European immigrants as functioning seventeen-hour days, 7 days a week, inside your apartments rank with toxic fumes, make pennies one hour through stripping and also drying piles that tobacco leaves and rolling perfect products. In the Riis photograph, the parents job-related at the cigar mold and also their oldest child, in ~ the facility of the frame, prepares the tobacco leaves for rolling.


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Fire insurance money Map




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Educating the Young




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Immigration




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Sections: story | Reporter | Photographer | Writer | Reformer | Lecturer | allied | Riis and Reform | Legacy


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