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Why Jesus Cleansed The temple Twice (A Long-Standing secret Solved)

A long-standing trouble of brand-new Testament studies has been why Jesus is tape-recorded as having actually cleansed the holy place of the moneychangers twice. I m sorry is it? Or is the both?

Jesus Christ created a brand-new house of God, and He has made us to it is in stones in the house. The old home was complete of corruption. And also as that cleansed the corruption out the an initial time, He began replacing the with new stones because that His brand-new house. Once He returned finally to the old house and found the corruption persistent, he claimed it to be destroyed completely.

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A long-standing difficulty of brand-new Testament studies has actually been why Jesus is recorded as having actually cleansed the holy place of the moneychangers twice. John records it happening in ~ the beginning of Jesus’ ministry, and the Synoptic Gospels all record it happening in ~ the end. Which is it? Or is that both? If so, why? What feeling does the make? In the next couple of minutes, I will certainly make feeling of it because that you.

First, let’s review the texts. The synoptic Gospels document the account:

And he gone into the temple and also began to drive the end those who sold, saying to them, “It is written, ‘My residence shall it is in a home of prayer,’ however you have actually made the a den that robbers” (Luke 19:45–46).

And Jesus entered the temple and drove out all who sold and also bought in the temple, and also he overturned the tables that the money-changers and the seats of those who sold pigeons. He claimed to them, “It is written, ‘My home shall be dubbed a house of prayer,’ but you make it a den that robbers” (Matt. 21:12–13).

And he gotten in Jerusalem and also went into the temple. And when he had looked about at everything, as it was currently late, that went the end to Bethany with the twelve. . . . And they came to Jerusalem. And he gone into the temple and began to drive the end those that sold and also those who bought in the temple, and also he i turned down the tables that the money-changers and also the seats of those who offered pigeons. And also he would certainly not permit anyone to bring anything with the temple. And also he was to teach them and saying come them, “Is it not written, ‘My residence shall be dubbed a residence of prayer for all the nations’? however you have made it a den that robbers” (Mark 11:12, 15–17).

John additionally records a temple cleansing:

The Passover the the Jews to be at hand, and also Jesus went up to Jerusalem. In the temple he discovered those that were selling oxen and sheep and also pigeons, and the money-changers sitting there. And also making a whip of cords, the drove lock all out of the temple, v the sheep and oxen. And he poured the end the coins of the money-changers and also overturned their tables. And also he said those who offered the pigeons, “Take these things away; do not make my Father’s residence a house of trade.” His practical worker remembered that it to be written, “Zeal for your residence will consume me” (John 2:13–17).

You may notification some distinctions in the accounts—not have to contradictions, however clear differences. The many notable distinction has been the topic of lot discussion among scholars for a lengthy time: Matthew, Mark, and also Luke document a temple cleansing in ~ the very end the Jesus’ ministry if John’s account wake up at the an extremely beginning that the ministry. In John’s account, Jesus leaves numerous believers behind in Jerusalem and also eventually goes back home. The is not crucified till years later. In the synoptic accounts, the cleansing follows Jesus’ triumphal entry and also it is the very thing the gets the in trouble v the Priests and scribes, etc., and leads straight to His crucifixion within days.

Liberal scholars have actually jumped ~ above this trouble as evidence that the Gospels room not inspired, yet pieced together according to the whims and also agendas of their mere mortal authors. Note used the account for one purpose, john cut and pasted because that his own. Yet this, the course, assumes 1) that the accounts without doubt derive from only one incident, or 2) they have from each other, and/or 3) that also this would disprove the catalyst of the account. This knee-jerk reaction probably says an ext about the biases the the scholar than it does around the Bible.

The traditional conservative solution to the problem has been merely to say the Jesus cleansed the temple twice. And also while a kind stand-alone instance can be made for two cleansings,<1> it still appears arbitrary for Jesus to have done the very same thing in the same location on two separate occasions there is no any good explanation as to why. The typical explanation is that Jesus was just really passionate about the purity the the temple. Yet He had just moments prior to wept and pronounced the soon-coming leveling of that temple, and also it appears unlikely the would have actually undergone such an abrupt emotional change to a zeal for its purity. Our Savior was never ever one subject to such emotionally swings. There have to be some much better explanation for two cleansings.

Jesus v. Jerusalem. This commentary on a huge section that Luke includes this study and many an ext like it.>

Inspection that a Corruption in a House

Indeed, there to be two separate cleansings of the Temple, and also there is a far better explanation for them. What lies behind these separate instances is Jesus fulfilling the function of the High monk visiting and inspecting the touch that affliction/corruption in the house. This is defined in Leviticus 14:33–53. The accounts because that the lot of visitations and also the recurring act of removed the corruption, then ultimately pronouncing the residence (temple) unclean and also decreeing the full destruction that the house. It also fits in through Jesus’ mission versus Jerusalem. Now for considerations the space, I will not blee the whole long section of Leviticus here, yet it is important that you take up her Bible and also read it in ~ this point. What adheres to are the highlights that the priestly duties throughout that passage, and also how they pertain come Jesus’ ministry.

First, the expression “plague of leprosy,” or “leprous disease” is misleading. The has much more relation to translation history than lock actual Hebrew the the text. The actual phrase should much more simply be analyzed “touch of affliction,” or “corruption.” The “leprosy” stated was no a disease, obviously, since it influenced building stones and also garments as well as people (see Lev. 14:54–57). That was additionally certainly no anything like what is well-known as leprosy today. It to be an unknown affliction or corruption and God was providing them detailed steps on exactly how to identify the level that threat and how to deal with it based upon the determination. Since it also obviously involved something dangerous, undesirable, and also potentially unclean, i will describe it together a “corruption.” (I will additionally alter the translation of the ESV’s “disease” to “corruption.”)

Second, the owner that the house had actually to take the initiative once he suspected a corruption was present in his residence (Lev. 14:35). In the instance of the temple, we understand it to be Jesus’ “Father’s house” (John 2:16), and thus God the Father took the initiative.

Third, the owner was to contact the priest and also the priest to be to “go in to check out the house” and “examine the corruption” (Lev. 14:36–37). In John’s beforehand account, Jesus “found” the corruption. We have to think this to be by chance; that was assessing everything. In the later on incident, we room specifically said by note that Jesus “looked around at everything” (Mark 11:11), the evening before He in reality drove out the corruption. We earlier Jesus v. Jerusalem> discussed the idea that “visitation” together a distinct judgment-inspection in the monitor God had actually for His people. Castle were before His confront continually, constantly subject to His scrutiny (Ex. 25:30; Deut. 11:12). Jesus incarnated this face, and set it towards the visitation that Jerusalem (Luke 9:51ff).

Once the priest had seen the corruption, he was to shut up the house for a duration of 7 days, and also then return to see if the corruption had actually spread. We carry out not view this play out precisely in the two separate events in the Gospels, yet this seven-day period is there in John, together I will comment on in a moment. The 2 cleansings do, however, directly parallel the rest of the inspection process. Ns will explain why they are separated native the first part momentarily as well; for now, permit us finish with the 2 cleansings together follows:

The two Cleansings

Fifth, top top the saturday day ~ shutting the house, the priest was to return for another inspection (Lev. 14:39). If the corruption had spread, climate he to be to remove the spot of the corruption indigenous the house: “then the priest shall command the they take out the stones in i m sorry is the corruption and also throw them into an unclean place outside the city. And also he shall have the within of the house scraped every around, and also the plaster that they scrape off they chandelier pour out in an unclean place external the city” (Lev. 14:40–41).

Before we take into consideration this as Jesus’ very first cleansing that the holy place in John, permit us, Sixth, briefly note the extension of the Levitical house-cleansing process. If the plague returned come the residence after the stones to be removed and walls scraped the first time, climate the priest was to declare the corruption “persistent” (Lev. 14:44), and based on that declare the whole house “unclean.” What complied with next to be the complete destruction and removal the the house: “And that shall failure the house, the stones and timber and all the plaster of the house, and he shall bring them the end of the city to an unclean place” (Lev. 14:45).

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<1> See the six-point case made in Craig A. Blomberg, the historical Reliability the the Gospels(Downers Grove, IL: Inter-Varsity Press, 1987), 171–173.