The national Fire protection Association (NFPA) typical 1906, typical for Automotive Fire Apparatus, and theNWCG standards for Wildland Fire source Typingclassifies vehicles by kind and function. The requirements mandate the every fire truck ‘type’ is draft with details components and also features and also must carry certain gear.

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Why is this important, you might wonder?

It ensures that regional terminology does not weaken prompt rescue support and resources. What might be referred to as a “brush truck” in one neighborhood is a “wildland truck” in another. The production of universal fire van standards and terminology method that a fire department can request support for a certain engine type, discovering that that carries the required tools for the emergency. As a result, fire department can accordingly manage mutual aid and know exactly what type of support they are obtaining for every emergency call.

Learn much more about every type of fire van below and also find the end the distinguishing qualities that do each truck unique.

Type 1 Fire Engine

A type 1 fire truck, regularly referred to together an engine company, engine pumper or structure firefighting truck, is the many common kind of fire van in usage today.

Type 1 fire trucks are purposefully draft to assistance urban, rural and suburban departments since they carry every one of the forced NFPAfirefighting equipment. These flexible vehicles are regularly the very first on scene because they support both structure firefighting and initial Emergency Medical company (EMS) response.

Every kind 1 van is compelled to have a pump through a minimum tank dimension of 300 gallons, back most form 1 trucks feature a 400- to 500-gallon water tank. Additionally, the truck have to offer a minimum the 1000 Gallons every Minute (GPM) the water transfer.

Following the standards ofNFPA, type 1 trucks room equipped at a minimum with a 2 ½ inch and 1 ½ customs thick hoses of differing lengths.

In addition, this trucks must encompass a full match of ground ladders, nozzles, forcible entry equipment, rear access and egress, some level of very first aid equipment and other distinctive items depending on the regional jurisdiction. Some examples encompass self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA), chainsaws, complete EMS gear, hazmat equipment, advanced life support (ALS) tools and additional structural or ballistic gear as needed. Typically, type 1 fire trucks room designed to bring 3 come 4 firefighters.

A fire van manufacturer deserve to work v your fire room to design and configure a form 1 engine to accomplish your community"s distinctive needs.

Take a look in ~ some current deliveries of kind 1 fire trucks.

Type 2 Fire Engine

A form 2 fire van features numerous of the exact same specifications and tools the the type 1 fire truck. Type 2 trucks space not as common in fire departments, however they room versatile trucks that space often uncovered in urban and also suburban applications performing car accident and rescue response as a an initial response unit or hefty rescue engine.

Type 2 trucks may be ideal for a fire department in search of a an ext compact rescue engine, wet rescue or heavy-duty rescue featuring a smaller sized water tank and pump, but with warehouse capabilities that can still hold a the majority of equipment. A type 2 van is perfect fire van to arrive on scene very first to begin fire extinguishing jobs until much more support arrives.

Much favor a type 1 engine, a type 2 engine frequently carries 3 or 4 firefighters. It consists of a lot of of straightforward firefighting gear and also tools, like SCBAs, circular saws, and also many different varieties of committed equipment.

Take a look at various type 2 truck configurations now.

Type 3 Fire Engine


A form 3 fire truck is frequently referred to together a wildland fire truck. Frequently used in rural and wildland settings, a kind 3 truck includes several distinctive design and configuration details to enhance the terrain it services.

Wildland fire trucks typically sit top top a advertisement 4x4 chassis and can be supplied as wildland urban interface vehicles. They space designed to be sleek and also maneuverable through the ability to regulate off-road and also variable terrain. Form 3 van are frequently responding come wildfires and also must be able to get as close to the fire as feasible while preserving both stability and vehicle control. The Gross automobile Weight Rating (GVWR) is often more than 26,000 lbs. And the car must be equipped to bring at least 3 passengers.

NFPA standards need a form 3 engine to have actually a minimum that a 500-gallon water tank and a pump qualified of a minimum of 150 united state gallons every minute at a pressure of 250 pounds every square inch.

Type 3 trucks can be equipped v a power-take-off (PTO) pump. A PTO pump is draft so that a auto can continue to be in motion while fighting fire simultaneously.

Many type 3 trucks likewise feature an auxiliary pump in addition to the main water pump configured ~ above a truck. The auxiliary pump deserve to be powered by a separate diesel engine the is connected to the pump, or a hydraulic auxiliary pump deserve to be it is provided by second PTO hydraulic circuit through its own pressure governor. This pump-and-roll technique way that a truck operator deserve to drive the van while crew members guy the pump and hoses walking next to the moving vehicle. This is critically essential to allow firefighters to follow follow me as woodland fires and brush fires relocate with the weather, and to develop fire lines, wetting down locations ahead the an proceeding wildfire.

Here’s a closer look at some of the attributes of a kind 3 truck or view several of our recent deliveries.

Type 4 Fire Engine

A form 4 fire van is very comparable to a kind 3 but with a bigger water tank and reduced hose capacity requirements.

According to NFPA standards, form 4 fire trucks must carry 2 people and also feature a 750-gallon water tank that uses 50 us gallons per minute that water deliver at a pressure of 100 pounds per square inch. The bigger water tank means that a type 4 truck regularly has lower rated pump potential and also includes less hose 보다 a type 3 fire truck.

Type 4 trucks are often used in wildland firefighting, but with a 4-wheel journey chassis and also a large water tank this vehicles deserve to be used for emergency response.

Type 5, type 6 and form 7 Fire Engine

Type 5, form 6 and type 7 fire van are frequently grouped together since they feature plenty of of the same design qualities. This vehicles are typically pick-up truck-based with 4-wheel drive on a medium duty-chassis. The main distinction between form 5, kind 6 and kind 7 fire trucks is the distinction in their maximum GVWR.

Type 5 fire engines have a preferably GVWR the 26000 lbs.Type 6 fire engines have actually a maximum GVWR the 19,500 lbs.Type 7 fire engines have actually a preferably GVWR the 14,000 lbs.

Type 5, 6 and 7 fire van are offered in miscellaneous ways depending upon a fire department’s needs. For example, some trucks are provided as a fire response unit and include a tiny EMS an answer kit, while various other vehicles are equipped through a water tank and water pump and can provide water suppression resources prior to larger rigs arrive on the scene. This configuration is usual in wildland environments, where they are often referred to as mini pumpers or brush trucks. Once equipped with water suppression capabilities type 5, 6 and 7 trucks typically bring a 300-gallon water tank and a little booster pump v a minimum volume of 50 gallons every minute.

Here is an introduction of the NFPA truck standards:

Engine keying Standard
Types 1 and also 2 are structure; types 3-7 room wildland
RequirementsType 1Type 2Type 3Type 4Type 5Type 6Type 7
Tank Minimum volume (gal)30030050075040015050
Pump Minimum circulation (gal/min)1,00050015050505010
At Rated pressure (psi)150150250100100100100
Hose: 2 1/2-inch1,2001,000N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Hose: 1 1/2-inch5005001,000300300300N/A
Hose: 1-inchN/AN/A500300300300200
Ladders per NFPA 1901YesYesN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Master stream 500 gal/min.YesN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Pump and also RollN/AN/AYesYesYesYesYes
Maximum GVWR (lb)N/AN/AN/AN/A26,00019,50014,000
Personnel (minimum)4332222

N/A = not ApplicableNFPA = national Fire protection AssociationGVWR = Gross vehicle Weight RatingNotes:1. All varieties shall satisfy federal, state and firm requirements because that motor vehicle safety standards, including all gross auto weight ratings when fully loaded.2. Kind 3 engines and also tactical water tenders shall it is in equipped with a foam proportioner system.3. Every water tenders and also engine varieties 3 with 6 shall have the ability to prime and pump water native a 10 foot lift.

The breakthrough of fire truck types and requirements has actually been one invaluable enhancement to NFPA standards, providing fire departments through a global language to aid improve mutual aid and firefighting support.

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Regardless that the type of van required, Pierce manufacturing can assist support the concept, design and also configuration the a tradition apparatus to meet your fire department’s unique needs.

Do you have actually questions about the varieties of trucks and how they are designed and manufactured? permit us recognize in the comments!