The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standard 1906, Standard for Automotive Fire Apparatus, as well as theNWCG Standards for Wildland also Fire Resource Typingclassifies vehicles by form and attribute. The criteria manday that every fire truck ‘type’ is designed through particular components and also attributes and must carry particular gear.

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Why is this vital, you may wonder?

It ensures that local terminology does not weaken prompt rescue assistance and sources. What might be called a “brush truck” in one neighborhood is a “wildland truck” in one more. The creation of universal fire truck requirements and terminology implies that a fire department deserve to research support for a details engine type, learning that it carries the compelled equipment for the emergency. As an outcome, fire departments have the right to as necessary regulate common help and recognize exactly what type of assistance they are obtaining for eexceptionally emergency contact.

Discover even more around eincredibly type of fire truck below and uncover out the separating characteristics that make each truck distinctive.

Type 1 Fire Engine

A Type 1 fire truck, often described as an engine agency, engine pumper or structural firefighting truck, is the many widespread type of fire truck in usage this day.

Type 1 fire trucks are purposecompletely designed to assistance urban, rural and submetropolitan departments bereason they lug every one of the required NFPAfirefighting devices. These versatile vehicles are often the initially on scene bereason they assistance both structural firefighting and also initial Emergency Medical Service (EMS) response.

Eexceptionally Type 1 truck is compelled to have a pump with a minimum tank dimension of 300 gallons, although a lot of Type 1 trucks function a 400- to 500-gallon water tank. In addition, the truck must market a minimum of 1000 Gallons Per Minute (GPM) of water transfer.

Following the requirements ofNFPA, Type 1 trucks are equipped at a minimum via a 2 ½ inch and 1 ½ inch thick hoses of varying lengths.

In addition, these trucks should incorporate a full enhance of ground ladders, nozzles, forcible entry devices, rear access and egress, some level of initially assist tools and also various other distinct items depending on the regional jurisdiction. Some examples encompass self-consisted of breapoint apparatus (SCBA), chainsaws, complete EMS equipment, hazmat equipment, advanced life support (ALS) devices and added structural or ballistic gear as required. Generally, Type 1 fire trucks are designed to carry 3 to 4 firefighters.

A fire truck manufacturer have the right to work-related through your fire department to style and also configure a Type 1 engine to satisfy your community"s distinctive requirements.

Take a look at some recent deliveries of Type 1 fire trucks.

Type 2 Fire Engine

A Type 2 fire truck functions many type of of the exact same specifications and also devices of the Type 1 fire truck. Type 2 trucks are not as prevalent in fire departments, yet they are versatile trucks that are regularly uncovered in metropolitan and also subcity applications performing automobile accident and also rescue response as a very first response unit or heavy rescue engine.

Type 2 trucks may be ideal for a fire department trying to find a much more compact rescue engine, wet rescue or heavy-duty rescue featuring a smaller sized water tank and also pump, however via storage capabilities that deserve to still host many tools. A Type 2 truck is a suitable fire truck to arrive on scene initially to start fire extinguishing tasks till even more support arrives.

Much choose a Type 1 engine, a Type 2 engine frequently carries 3 or 4 firefighters. It consists of most fundamental firefighting gear and also tools, prefer SCBAs, circular saws, and also many kind of various types of specialized tools.

Take a look at various form 2 truck configurations currently.

Type 3 Fire Engine


A Type 3 fire truck is often referred to as a wildland also fire truck. Normally offered in rural and wildland also settings, a Type 3 truck has a number of distinctive architecture and configuration details to complement the terrain it services.

Wildland also fire trucks commonly sit on a commercial 4x4 chassis and also deserve to be provided as wildland also urban interconfront vehicles. They are designed to be sleek and also maneuverable through the capability to manage off-road and also variable terrain. Type 3 trucks are regularly responding to wildfires and must have the ability to acquire as cshed to the fire as feasible while maintaining both stcapacity and also auto manage. The Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) is frequently even more than 26,000 lbs. and also the vehicle should be equipped to lug at leastern 3 passengers.

NFPA requirements need a Type 3 engine to have actually a minimum of a 500-gallon water tank and a pump capable of a minimum of 150 US gallons per minute at a push of 250 pounds per square inch.

Type 3 trucks can be equipped through a power-take-off (PTO) pump. A PTO pump is designed so that a auto can remajor in motion while fighting fire simultaneously.

Many Type 3 trucks additionally feature an auxiliary pump in enhancement to the major water pump configured on a truck. The auxiliary pump have the right to be powered by a separate diesel engine that is connected to the pump, or a hydraulic auxiliary pump deserve to be powered by an additional PTO hydraulic circuit via its very own pressure governor. This pump-and-roll approach indicates that a truck operator have the right to drive the truck while crew members male the pump and also hoses walking next to the relocating automobile. This is critically necessary to allow firefighters to follow alengthy as forest fires and brush fires move via the weather, and also to produce fire lines, wetting dvery own areas ahead of an proceeding wildfire.

Here’s a closer look at some of the features of a Type 3 truck or watch some of our current deliveries.

Type 4 Fire Engine

A Type 4 fire truck is extremely comparable to a Type 3 however with a bigger water tank and decreased hose capacity requirements.

According to NFPA standards, Type 4 fire trucks must bring 2 civilization and feature a 750-gallon water tank that uses 50 US gallons per minute of water transport at a press of 100 pounds per square inch. The bigger water tank means that a Type 4 truck regularly has lower rated pump potential and also consists of less hose than a Type 3 fire truck.

Type 4 trucks are regularly used in wildland firefighting, however via a 4-wheel drive chassis and also a large water tank these vehicles deserve to be used for emergency response.

Type 5, Type 6 and Type 7 Fire Engine

Type 5, Type 6 and also Type 7 fire trucks are regularly grouped together because they function many kind of of the exact same architecture features. These vehicles are frequently pick-up truck-based through 4-wheel drive on a medium duty-chassis. The main difference between Type 5, Type 6 and also Type 7 fire trucks is the distinction in their maximum GVWR.

Type 5 fire engines have a maximum GVWR of 26000 lbs.Type 6 fire engines have a maximum GVWR of 19,500 lbs.Type 7 fire engines have actually a maximum GVWR of 14,000 lbs.

Type 5, 6 and 7 fire trucks are offered in various means depending upon a fire department’s requirements. For instance, some trucks are provided as a fire response unit and include a small EMS response kit, while other vehicles are equipped with a water tank and also water pump and also have the right to carry out water suppression resources before larger rigs arrive on the scene. This configuration is widespread in wildland also settings, wright here they are regularly described as mini pumpers or brush trucks. When equipped through water suppression capabilities Type 5, 6 and also 7 trucks generally lug a 300-gallon water tank and a little booster pump with a minimum capacity of 50 gallons per minute.

Here is a review of the NFPA truck standards:

Engine Typing Standard
Types 1 and also 2 are structure; Types 3-7 are wildland
RequirementsType 1Type 2Type 3Type 4Type 5Type 6Type 7
Tank Minimum Capacity (gal)30030050075040015050
Pump Minimum Flow (gal/min)1,00050015050505010
At Rated Pressure (psi)150150250100100100100
Hose: 2 1/2-inch1,2001,000N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Hose: 1 1/2-inch5005001,000300300300N/A
Hose: 1-inchN/AN/A500300300300200
Ladders per NFPA 1901YesYesN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Master Stream 500 gal/min.YesN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Pump and also RollN/AN/AYesYesYesYesYes
Maximum GVWR (lb)N/AN/AN/AN/A26,00019,50014,000
Personnel (minimum)4332222

N/A = Not ApplicableNFPA = National Fire Protection AssociationGVWR = Gross Vehicle Weight RatingNotes:1. All forms shall accomplish federal, state and firm needs for motor vehicle security requirements, consisting of all gross automobile weight ratings as soon as totally loaded.2. Type 3 engines and also tactical water tenders shall be equipped with a foam proportioner device.3. All water tenders and engine types 3 via 6 shall be able to prime and also pump water from a 10 foot lift.

The advancement of fire truck types and needs has actually been an inhandy addition to NFPA criteria, giving fire departments via a universal language to help enhance shared help and also firefighting support.

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Regardless of the kind of truck required, Pierce Manufacturing have the right to aid assistance the principle, style and configuration of a practice apparatus to fulfill your fire department’s distinct needs.

Do you have actually concerns about the types of trucks and how they are designed and also manufactured? Let us recognize in the comments!