A heritage of the age of Enlightenment, the motto "Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité" first appeared throughout the French Revolution. Back it was often called into question, it finally developed itself under the 3rd Republic. It was written into the 1958 Constitution and also is nowadays part of the French nationwide heritage.

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"Unité, Indivisibilité de la République, Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité ou la Mort"Colored publish edited by Paul André Basset, prairial an IV (1796)© Photothèque des Musées de la Ville de Paris - Ph. Ladet

Linked by François Fénelon at the finish of the 17th century, the notions of "liberty", "equality" and "fraternity" became much more widespread throughout the period of Enlightenment.

At the time of the French Revolution, "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity" was one of the many mottos in use. In a December 1790 decided on the company of the national Guards, Maximilien Robespierre supported that the indigenous "The French People" and also "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity" be composed on uniforms and also flags, but his proposal was rejected.

From 1793 onwards, Parisians, shortly to it is in imitated by the citizens of other cities, painted the adhering to words top top the façades of their houses: "Unity, indivisibility that the Republic; liberty, equality or death". However they were shortly asked to erase the phrase’s final component as that was too closely linked with the regime of Terror.

This motto fell into disuse under the Empire, like plenty of revolutionary symbols. It reappeared throughout the change of 1848 marked with a spiritual dimension: priests celebrated the "Christ-Fraternité" and also blessed the trees of liberty the were planted at the time. As soon as the structure of 1848 was drafted, the motto "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity" was defined as a "principle" the the Republic.

Discarded under the second Empire, this motto finally created itself under the third Republic, although some world still objected come it, consisting of partisans the the Republic: solidarity was sometimes wanted to equality which implies a levelling of society, and the Christian connotation of fraternity to be not welcomed by everyone.

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This motto was inscribed again ~ above the pediments of public buildings on the chance of the celebration event of 14 July 1880. It shows up in the constitutions that 1946 and 1958 and also is now an integral component of our national heritage. It is found on items supplied by the basic public such as coins and also postage stamps.