Fluorine

element 9 of routine table is Fluorine v atomic number 9, atomic weight 18.9984032. Fluorine, price F, has actually a Base focused Monoclinic structure and Colorless color. Fluorine is a halogens element. Trivial name of Fluorine is halogens*. Recognize everything about Fluorine Facts, physics Properties, chemical Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.


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Fluorine is a chemical facet with symbol F and also atomic number 9. It is the lightest halogen and exists together a extremely toxic pale yellow diatomic gas at standard conditions. As the most electronegative element, it is very reactive:almost all other elements, including some noble gases, form compounds with fluorine.

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Fluorine Facts

Read key information and also facts about element Fluorine

name Fluorine
atomic Number 9
atom Symbol F
Atomic weight 18.9984032
phase Gas
color Colorless
Classification halogens
group in routine Table 17
Group Name fluorine household
period in periodic Table 2
Block in routine Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 2s2 2p5
Melting point -219.6 °C
Boiling allude -188.12 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 7>
CAS Number CAS7782-41-4

ar
2
He
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

check out our interactive periodic table


How to locate Fluorine on routine Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atomic number, variety of protons in the nucleus which is very same as number of electrons. The atom number boosts from left come right. Periodic table starts at top left ( atomic number 1) and ends at bottom appropriate (atomic number 118). As such you can straight look for atomic number 9 to discover Fluorine on periodic table.

Another method to read regular table and also locate an facet is by using group number (column) and duration number (row). To situate Fluorine on routine table look for cross section of group 17 and period 2 in the contemporary periodic table.

discover Interactive regular Table to Understand and also Learn Cool trends

Table the Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbit Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Databases
Compare Fluorine with various other elements

Fluorine History

The aspect Fluorine was uncovered by André-Marie Ampère in year 1886 in France . Fluorine obtained its surname from the Latin fluere, an interpretation "to flow"

Fluorine Presence: diversity in Nature and also Around Us

The table below shows the diversity of Fluorine in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
abundance in cosmos 4e-07
abundance in sunlight 5e-07
abundance in Meteorites 8.7e-05
Abundance in Earth"s tardy 0.00054
diversity in oceans 1.3e-06
abundance in people 3.7e-05

Crystal framework of Fluorine

The solid state structure of Fluorine is Base focused Monoclinic.

The decision structure can be defined in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats itself in three dimensional an are to type the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cell is stood for in regards to its lattice parameters, which room the lengths the the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)

a b c
550 328 728 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The positions of the atoms within the unit cell are defined by the set of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured indigenous a referral lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the crystal are explained by the concept of space groups. All feasible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are explained by the 230 space groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.

space Group name C12/c1
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an are Group Number 15
Crystal structure Base centered Monoclinic

Fluorine Atomic and also Orbital Properties

Fluorine atoms have actually 9 electrons and the digital shell structure is <2, 7> with Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P3/2.


atomic Number 9
Number of electron (with no charge) 9
Number that Protons 9
Mass Number 19
Number the Neutrons 10
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level) <2, 7>
Electron construction 2s2 2p5
Valence Electrons 2s2 2p5
Oxidation State -1
Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P3/2

Shell structure of Fluorine - electrons per power level


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Ground State digital Configuration that Fluorine - neutral Fluorine atom

The soil state electronic configuration of Neutral Fluorine atom is 2s2 2p5. The portion of Fluorine configuration the is equivalent to the noble gas of the coming before period, is abbreviated as . For atoms with plenty of electrons, this notation can become lengthy and for this reason an abbreviated notation is used.This is vital as it is the Valence electron 2s2 2p5, electron in the outermost shell that recognize the chemistry properties that the element.

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Unabbreviated digital configuration the neutral Fluorine

Complete floor state digital configuration for the Fluorine atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2 2p5

Atomic framework of Fluorine

Fluorine atom radius is 42 pm, while it"s covalent radius is 71 pm.

atomic Radius

42 pm (0.42 Å)

Atomic Volume 11.2018886792 cm3
Covalent Radius 71 pm (0.71 Å)
van der Waals Radius 147 pm
spirit Cross section 0.0096 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum of Fluorine

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Fluorine chemical Properties: Fluorine Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity that Fluorine is 328 kJ/mol

Valence 1
Electronegativity 3.98
ElectronAffinity 328 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Fluorine

Refer to table below for Ionization energies that Fluorine

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 1681
2 3374.2
3 6050.4
4 8407.7
5 11022.7
6 15164.1
7 17868
8 92038.1
9 106434.3

Fluorine physical Properties

Refer to listed below table because that Fluorine physics Properties

density 1.696 g/l
Molar Volume 11.2018886792 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus N/A
Shear Modulus N/A
mass Modulus N/A
Poisson proportion N/A

Hardness that Fluorine - tests to measure of Hardness that Element

Mohs Hardness N/A
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness N/A

Fluorine electric Properties

Fluorine is N/A of electricity. Refer to table below for the electric properties the Fluorine

electric Conductivity N/A
Resistivity N/A
Superconducting suggest N/A

Fluorine Heat and also Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 0.0277 W/(m K)
Thermal development N/A

Fluorine Magnetic Properties

Magnetic form N/A
Curie point N/A
mass Magnetic Susceptibility N/A
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility N/A
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility N/A

Optical properties of Fluorine

Refractive index 1.000195

Acoustic nature of Fluorine

speed of Sound N/A

Fluorine heat Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer come table below for thermal properties the Fluorine

Melting point 53.5 K (-219.6 °C)
Boiling point 85.03 K (-188.12 °C)
an important Temperature 144.13 K
Superconducting allude N/A

Enthalpies the Fluorine

heat of blend 0.26 kJ/mol
warmth of Vaporization 3.27 kJ/mol
warm of burning N/A

Fluorine isotope - atom Properties that Fluorine

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally emerging Fluorine has 1 steady isotope - 19F.


Isotope Isotope massive % variety T half Decay setting
14F
15F
16F
17F
18F
19F 100% secure N/A
20F
21F
22F
23F
24F
25F
26F
27F
28F
29F
30F
31F

Regulatory and Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7782-41-4
RTECS Number RTECSLM6475000
dot Hazard class 2.3
dot Numbers 9192
EU Number EU231-954-8
NFPA Fire Rating 0
NFPA risks Oxidizing Agent, Water Reactive
NFPA health and wellness Rating 4
NFPA Reactivity Rating 4
Autoignition suggest N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

list of distinct identifiers to search the aspect in assorted chemical it is registered databases

Database identifier number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts business (CAS) CAS7782-41-4
CID Number CID24524
Gmelin Number Gmelin16281
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSLM6475000

Compare Fluorine with all Group 17 elements

Fluorine vs Chlorine Fluorine vs Bromine Fluorine vs Iodine Fluorine vs Astatine Fluorine vs Tennessine

Compare Fluorine with all halogens elements

Fluorine vs Chlorine Fluorine vs Bromine Fluorine vs Iodine Fluorine vs Astatine Fluorine vs Tennessine