What is metronidazole?

Metronidazole (brand name Flagyl®) is an antibacterial and also antiprotozoal agent supplied in the treatment of specific anaerobic bacterial and protozoal infections, such as those caused by Giardia and Trichomonas. The is regularly used to treat diarrhea and other minister problems.

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The usage of metronidazole come treat Giardia infections and most other infections in dogs and cats is off label or extra-label. Plenty of drugs are generally prescribed for turn off label use in veterinarian medicine. In this instances, follow your veterinarian’s directions and cautions very carefully.

How is metronidazole given?

Metronidazole is accessible as a capsule, tablet, and also liquid suspension. It may likewise be compounded (made) into a formulation (called metronidazole benzoate) the tastes much less bitter and is much easier to provide to cats. One injectable kind is also obtainable that your veterinarian will administer at your veterinary hospital.

Metronidazole must be provided by mouth v food. Liquid forms must it is in shaken well before use. Metronidazole is really bitter, therefore take care not to crush these tablet computers as it will certainly be challenging to administer to her pet.

Follow the dosing instructions listed by your veterinarian.

If friend have an obstacle administering the medication, contact your veterinary clinic for advice.

This medication should take result within 1 to 2 hours, and also while results may no be visibly i found it immediately, but gradual enhancements are commonly noticable after a few days.

What if ns miss offering my pet the medication?

If you miss a dose, give it once you remember, but if it is close to the moment for the next dose, skip the dose you missed and give the medication at the following scheduled time and also continue through the continual dosing schedule. Never give your pet 2 doses at when or give extra doses.

It is an extremely important to offer the medication because that the size of time her veterinarian has recommended.

Are there any potential next effects?

Side effects to metronidazole may include nausea, vomiting, regurgitation, and also drooling.

Metronidazole can reason neurological impacts including lack of muscle control or coordination, tremors, seizures, vomiting, eye twitching, and weakness. These effects usually happen if metronidazole is provided at high doses or for expanded periods that time, but they can occur with reduced doses together well. Contact your veterinarian immediately if you an alert any of these indicators with her pet.

Very rarely, metronidazole may reason a skin disorder called cutaneous vasculitis in i beg your pardon blood vessels become inflamed in the skin. Indicators of this skin disorder encompass scaling, hair loss, bruising, swelling, and also bumps top top the skin. Contact your veterinary if you notice any of these signs.

This short-acting medication should stop working within 24 hours, although impacts can be longer in pets v liver or kidney disease.

Are there any type of risk determinants for this medication?

Do not use metronidazole in pets that:

have actually a well-known hypersensitivity or allergy come it or drugs related to it space nursing space in a weakened condition

Metronidazole need to be provided with fist in pets that:

space pregnant have liver disorders space puppies or kittens are on blood thinners

Are there any drug interaction I need to be mindful of?

Certain drugs may interact with metronidazole including certain chemotherapy drugs, and also gastroprotectants (cimetidine), cyclosporine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, and warafarin. Your veterinarian will weigh the potential risks of metronidazole if your pet is taking these medications. It is crucial to tell your veterinarian around any medications (including vitamins, supplements, or natural therapies) the your pet is taking.

Pregnant women must not manage this drug or should wear disposable gloves when managing it or giving doses. The is vital to prevent inhaling any type of dust from break-up or crushed pills. Any exposure to flour or liquids have to be automatically rinsed from skin or eyes.

Is there any kind of monitoring that requirements to it is in done through this medication?

Monitor come ensure the the medicine is working and also monitor because that adverse effects.

How execute I save metronidazole?

Metronidazole tablets and also capsules should be stored in a strict sealed container, defended from light, and also at temperatures listed below 30°C (86°F). Liquid formulations have to be save in the refrigerator. If your veterinarian has actually made a unique formulation, follow the storage instructions noted with the product.

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What need to I execute in case of emergency?

If you suspect an overdose or an adverse reaction to the medication, call your vet office immediately. If they are not available, follow your directions in contacting an emergency facility.