Science > biology > basic Biology > introduction to biologic > Branches the Biology

In the vault article, we have studied the prominence of biology. In this article, we shall study various branches of biology.

You are watching: Branch of biology that groups and names organisms


*

On the basis of sort of Organism:

Depending ~ above the kind of organism, the branches that biology space as follows:


Botany: Botany is the scientific study of plants which incorporate algae, fungi, lichens, mosses, ferns, conifers, and flowering plants.Zoology: Zoologyinvolves the examine of animals including their classification, your history, your anatomy, and also physiology,Microbiology: Microbiology is the research of all living organisms that are too tiny to be clearly shows to the nude eye. This has bacteria, archaea, viruses, fungi, prions, protozoa, and algae, jointly known together ‘microbes’.Human Biology: human being biology is the branch of biologic that deals with human beings and also human populations. It consists of all the elements of the person as an organismincluding genetics, ecology, anatomy and also physiology, anthropology, and nutrition. Human being biology is regarded other areas of biological such as medicine, primate biology, and biological anthropology.

On the basis of group of Organisms:

Depending ~ above the team of biology under the study, the branches the biology are as follows:


Bacteriology: The science and also study that bacteria and their relation to medicine and also to other locations such as farming (e.g., farm yard animals) and also the industry is referred to as Bacteriology.Virology: Virology is the research of viruses and virus-like agents, including (but not minimal to) your taxonomy, disease-producing properties, cultivation, and also genetics. It is often considered a component of microbiology or pathology.Mycology: Mycology is the branch of biologic that faces the research of fungi. It contains the research of your genetic and also biochemical properties and also their use in medicine and also food along with their hazards.Entomology: Entomology is a branch the zoology that studies insects and also how they interact with your environment, other species and humans.Ichthyology:Ichthyology is the branch that zoologydevoted come the examine of fishes, which consists of bony fish (Osteichthyes), cartilaginous fish (Chondrichthyes), and also jawless fish (Agnatha).Herpetology: Herpetologyis the branch that zoology came to with the examine ofamphibians, reptiles. Batrachologyis a additional subdiscipline the herpetology came to with the research ofamphibiansonly.Ornithology:Ornithologyis the scientific field dedicated to the study of birds.

On the basis of technique to Study:

Depending ~ above the method of the study, the branches the biology are as follows:


Anatomy: Itis the clinical study focusing on the physical structures and parts of organisms (plants and also animals).Morphology:Morphologyis a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and framework (internal and also external) the organisms and their details structural featuresHistology:Histologyis the clinical study that the fine detail of biological cells and also tissues utilizing microscopesCytology:The examine of framework and duty of plant and also animal cells.Physiology: The branch of biology taking care of the features and activities of living organisms and their parts, including all physical and also chemical procedures is referred to as physiology.Embryology: Embryology is the examine of the advance of an embryo indigenous the stage of ovum fertilization v to the fetal stage.Taxonomy or Systematics: The science of identifying, naming, grouping and classifying plants and also animals is referred to as taxonomy or systematics.Ecology:Ecologyis the clinical study that the interactions between organisms and their environment.Biogeology:The study of the interaction in between theEarth’sbiosphereand the lithosphere.Biogeography:Biogeography is a examine of the distribution of assorted speciesand ecosystems geographically and also throughout geology time and also space.Paleontology:thestudyoffossilstodeterminethestructureandevolutionofextinctanimalsandplantsandtheageandconditionsofdepositionoftherockstratainwhichtheyarefound is calledPalaeontology.Evolution:evolution is the branch of biology which researches the change in the attributes of a species over number of generations and also relies on the process of natural selection.Genetics:Genetics is a branch of biologic that encounters heredity and also variations.Parasitology: Parasites space those organisms that live on or inside other organisms referred to as the host and also draw nourishment native the organize are dubbed parasites. The examine of parasites is dubbed parasitology. It consists of the examine of three major groups the animals: helminth protozoa, parasitic helminths (worms), and those arthropods that straight cause an illness or act together vectors of miscellaneous pathogens.Pathology: it is a branch of biology i beg your pardon studies conditions in plant and animals and their treatment.Immunology:The immune device protects united state from infection through assorted lines that defense.Immunology is the study of the immune system.Eugenics:The study of or id in the possibility of boosting the features of the human varieties or a person population, particularly by such method as discouraging reproduction by persons having genetic defects or presumed to have actually inheritable undesirable traits. Therefore it is a scientific research which aims to enhance the human being race through regulated heredity.Biochemistry: Biochemistry isthe examine of the procedures behind every living organisms,

On the communication of farming and allied Industries:

With respect to farming and allied industries, the branches the biology space as follows:


Agriculture: that is a branch of biological which encounters raising crops and live stocks such together cows, buffaloes, etc.Veterinary Science: The branch of medicine that deals with the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases and injuries of animals, especially domestic animals.Marine Biology: Marine biologic is the study of marine organisms, your behaviours, and their interactions through the environment.Horticulture: Horticulture is the science and art of producing, improving, marketing, and also using fruits, vegetables, flowers, and also ornamental plants.Animal Husbandry: It is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other products. It has day-to-day care, selective breeding and the elevating of livestock like cows, buffaloes, etc.Sericulture: Sericulture, or silk farming, is the rearing the silkworms for the manufacturing of raw silk.Pisciculture: The breeding, rearing, and also transplantation of fish through artificial method is dubbed pisciculture.Tissue Culture: Tissue culture, a method of organic research in which fragments of tissue from an pet or plant space transferred to an artificial environment in which lock can proceed to survive and also function.Molecular Biology: molecule biology is a branch that science concerning biological activity at the molecule level. The field of molecular biology overlaps v biology and chemistry and also in particular, genetics and also biochemistry.Biotechnology: Biotechnology is the usage of organic processes, organisms, or equipment to manufacture products intended to enhance the quality of human being life.Cloning: Cloning is a procedure of asexual reproduction to produce offspring that room genetically similar to the parent.Bioengineering: it is the branch of biology which through the aid of design science assist in making synthetic limbs, joints and also other components of the human body using design materials and techniques. It additionally includes the advancement of plants for condition resistance and also yield.Biomedical Engineering: Biomedical engineering is the application of engineering principles to the fields of biology and health care. Biomedical designers work through doctors, therapists and researchers to build systems, equipment, and devices in order to settle clinical problems. The job contains the design, development, production, and also maintenance of medical instruments.Nuclear biology: Nuclear biology or radiobiology is a branch of biology which researches the effect of radioactivity on living cell and additionally deals v the development and manufacturing of nuclear medications for diagnosis and also treatment of the diseases.Space Biology: The study of the survival of living things in a room is called an are biology.Genomics: Genomics is a examine of the genomes the organisms. Its main task is to identify the whole sequence the DNA or the composition of the atoms that comprise the DNA and also the chemistry bonds between the DNA atoms.Bioinformatics: Bioinformatics is the applications of information an innovation to the study of living things, generally at the molecular level. Bioinformatics entails the usage of computer systems to collect, organize and also use biological information to answer inquiries in areas like evolution biology.Biometrics: Biometrics is a technical and clinical authentication method based on biology and used in information assurance (IA). Biometric identification authenticates secure entry, data or accessibility via human organic information such as DNA or fingerprints.Forensic science: The forensic sciences are used around the human being to resolve civil disputes, to justly obtrude criminal laws and also government regulations, and to defend public health. The ar of forensic science depends on other branches the science, consisting of physics, chemistry, and biology, v its focus being on the recognition, identification, and evaluation of physical evidence. It has actually become vital part of the judicial mechanism to accomplish information appropriate to criminal and also legal evidence.Genetic Engineering: Genetic design refers to the direct manipulation the DNA to alter an organism’s characteristics (phenotype) in a details way.

On the communication of clinical Sciences:

On basis of medical sciences, the branches of biology room as follows:

Gynecology and Obstetrics:Gynaecology normally means treating women who aren’t pregnant, when obstetrics deals with pregnant women and also their unborn children, but there is many crossover between the two.Orthopedics: it is a branch of clinical science which is devoted to the diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and also rehabilitation of injuries, disorders, and also diseases that the body musculoskeletal system. This system contains bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, nerves, and tendons.Opthalmology:It is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology, and diseases that the eyeball and also orbit.Dentistry:Itis a branch of medicine that consists of the study, diagnosis, prevention, and also treatment the diseases, disorders, and also conditions that the dental cavity.Oncology:Oncology is the branch of medication that researches, identifies and also treats cancer.Cardiology:Cardiology is a branch of medication that pertains to diseases and disorders of the heart, i m sorry may range from congenital defects with to got heart diseases such as coronary artery an illness and congestive heart failure.Urology:Urology is a surgical specialty that faces the treatment of problems involving the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs.Nephrology:Nephrology is a branch of medical science that deals with diseases of the kidneys.Pediatrics: Pediatrics is the branch of medicine managing the health and also medical care of infants, children, and adolescents from birth approximately the period of 18.Dermatology:Dermatologyis the branch that medicine dealing with diagnosing and also treating skin illness affecting the skin, hair, and nails.

See more: A Rhombus Is A Square Always Sometimes Never A Rectangle? Always, Sometimes, Never

Physiotherapy:Physiotherapy is a branch of medicine which supplies atreatment method that concentrates on the science of movementand helps people to restore, maintain and also maximize your physical strength, function, motion and overall well-being by addressing the underlying physical issues.Science > biology > general Biology > advent to biologic > Branches that Biology