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Along with the evil President, the President"s cabinet members are his most important advisors. This snapshot shows chairman Reagan, Vice chairman Bush, and also Cabinet members in the Oval Office.

You are watching: All parts of the federal bureaucracy share which characteristic?


Even the experts can"t agree on the total number of federal federal government agencies, commissions, and also departments.

Most estimates suggest there are probably more than 2,000 of these. They each have actually an area of specialization — part much more comprehensive than rather — yet their duties frequently overlap, making administration more difficult. To complicated things also more, plenty of agencies have actually counterparts at the state and local level. The size, complexity, and also overlapping responsibilities leave the federal bureaucracy open to constant attempts to reorganize and streamline.

Congress has the power to create, organize, and also disband all commonwealth agencies. Most of them room under the control of the President, although couple of of lock actually have actually direct contact with the White House. So, the bureaucracy has 2 masters — Congress and also the President. The bureaucracy generally drops into four wide types: cabinet departments, federal government corporations, independent agencies, and regulatory commissions


Cabinet departments
room of State Treasury department Department of Defense department of Justice room of the interior Department of agriculture Department of commerce Department of job Department of transportation Department that Housing and also Urban breakthrough Department that Health and Human solutions Department of power Department of education Department of Veterans AffairsDepartment of landscape Security

The cabinet Departments

The 15 room departments are each headed by a Secretary who sits top top the President"s Cabinet. The exception is the righteousness Department, i beg your pardon is headed by the attorney General, who is also a member the the President"s Cabinet. The Secretaries room responsible for directing the department"s policy and also for overseeing its operation. Room secretaries are usually torn between their responsibilities as presidential advisers and also heads of your departments.


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As the very first woman room member, Frances Perkins offered for 12 years, help draft legislation such as the Social defense Act and also the an initial federal minimum wage laws.

Each has actually a one-of-a-kind area that policy, although their responsibilities are still really broad. The organization of every is quite complex, but they have some points in common. All Secretaries have actually a Deputy or Undersecretary, and a hold of Assistant Secretaries, who all direct significant programs in ~ the department.

Most department are separated into bureaus, divisions, and also sections. Because that example, the FBI lies within the domain that the justice Department, and also the an enig Service is currently within the Treasury Departmeny agency, yet soon come be relocated under the auspices the the room of Homeland defense .

Government Corporations

Government corporations do not belonging to any kind of department — they was standing on their own. More than likely the best-known government corporations room the United states Postal Service and Amtrak. Castle are various from other agencies in that they are businesses produced by Congress, and also they fee fees for your services. Like any other business, federal government corporations have private competition — together as commonwealth Express and United Parcel company — and also sometimes state vain — such as the new Jersey Transit Authority.


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At the moment of that is creation, NASA to be assumed by plenty of to be a defense-related agency. Today, that brings countries together in highly publicized initiatives like the International an are Station presented here.

Independent Agencies

Independent agencies closely resemble room departments, but they room smaller and less complex. Generally, they have actually narrower areas of obligation than carry out Cabinet departments. Most of these agencies are not complimentary from presidential control and also are independent just in the sense that they are not component of a department.

Congress creates them as different agencies for numerous reasons, practical and also symbolic. For example, when the national Aeronautics and space Administration (NASA) was established, countless members of conference assumed the it would certainly be a component of the department of Defense. However, that is one independent company because the room program has many other objectives than the defense of the nation.


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The ATF (now the office of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives) was transferred from the department of the Treasury to the room of justice in 2006.

Regulatory Agencies

These agencies regulate vital parts that the economy, making rule for large industries and businesses that impact the understanding of the public. Because regulatory commissions room "watchdogs" that by their very nature should operate independently, they are not component of a department, and the president does not directly manage most the them. Every commission has from 5 come 11 members appointed by the President, but the chairman cannot remove them for the size of your terms in office.

Examples of these commissions space the Securities and also Exchange Commission, which regulates the share market, brokers, and investment practices. An additional well-known board of directors is the federal Reserve Board that governs the nation"s financial policy. The environmental Protection firm serves together a guardian end the nation"s environment, making and enforcing criter for the industrial and also commercial sectors.

With over 2,000 various agencies, the federal bureaucracy is almost details to operation into difficulties with organization, overlapping responsibilities, and also efficiency. Nearly every recent President has actually come into office determined to refashion and trim the bureaucracy. However, none has actually been able to make more than minor adjustments. Well-established agencies have actually lives of their own, and are challenging to change. Besides, the nation has large, complex, needs requiring unique attention. A huge bureaucracy is a part of the government"s attempt to satisfy those needs.


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NASA Homepage
The nationwide Aeronautics and room Administration, follow to that website, is an invest in America"s future. Discover this incredible website, from its pages on room flight to ladies in NASA. Click "other cool sites" for much more neat stuff than you could visit in one day. Don"t miss out on out on the speed movie of NASA"s vision or the webcasts, which deserve to be regarded on home windows Media Player.

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The commonwealth Deposit insurance money Corporation (FDIC)
What wake up if your financial institution goes bankrupt? You get your money ago — if your financial institution is insured through the commonwealth Deposit insurance allowance Corporation. Since 1933, the FDIC has been keeping America"s confidence in the financial organizations alive. Take it a look in ~ the organization and also browse its main website here.

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U.S. Atom Regulatory Commission
Homer Simpson provides the meltdown of a nuclear reactor in a strength plant it seems ~ funny, but in fact it can cause an international devastation. The atom Regulatory board of directors is responsible because that making certain that strength plants room safe from the moment they are constructed to the moment that they room shut down. Take it a look at what they perform at their official website.

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The Securities and also Exchange Commission
The stock market crash the 1929 crippled the U.S. Economy and also devastated the stays of countless Americans. What did the government do come make sure that something choose that never happens again? They started the Securities and also Exchange Commission, which monitor investment practices of American businesses. If you have actually an interest in the share market, it"s worth her time to wade v this main website.

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Federal trade Commission
You"ve checked out the board game Monopoly, yet did you understand that genuine monopolies room usually illegal? The Federal profession Commission renders sure that companies follow the law, usage fair company practices, and also don"t cheat the consumer. They additionally protect consumer by investigate complaints and educating us about what come look out for. The FTC"s official website provides for an interesting read because that anyone who could do business in the U.S.
Consumer Protection
Are you getting your money"s worth? examine here before you do a purchase to discover out just how you can be hoodwinked if friend aren"t careful.
DefenseLink — The U.S. Room of Defense
With the Army, air Force, marine Corps, and also the marine under that auspices, the room of Defense is the part of the federal government assigned to keeping national security. Its official website has actually pages ~ above such threats to the U.S. As weapons of massive destruction and anthrax, and also online memorials come fallen soldiers, Olympic coverage, and also much more.
Joint Chiefs the Staff
The head honchos that each armed forces branch make up the share Chiefs that Staff, that advise the president on army matters. Uncover out around the composition and also philosophy that the company here.
The United says Department the Justice
Attorney basic Janet Reno and also her office room responsible for finding and prosecuting commonwealth criminals. The official Department of justice website is full of interesting information, including the FBI"s many wanted list and also pages on warm topics from school violence to the fatality penalty.

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U.S. State Department
Even though only 1% of the national budget goes to worldwide affairs, the State department does few of the most publicized government-related occupational in the country. The same agency that to represent the U.S. In the United countries is responsible because that negotiating trade agreements and additionally issuing passports and also visas. Take a watch at some of the State Department"s recent projects at their main website.

See more: How To Play Zoo Tycoon Without Cd, November 30, 2014

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United says Treasury Department
Show me the money! The U.S. Treasury room monitors the government"s bank accounts, prints money, and also investigates taxation evasion, amongst many other duties. Find out the answers come all her questions about one that the oldest workplaces in the U.S. Federal government at their main website.

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