Contrasting student and also scientific views

Student daily experiences

Younger major students might have tiny knowledge about internal bodily organs. They have tendency to think the components of the body are what they have seen being put right into or coming the end of it, such as food and also blood. Your experiences with daily cuts, scratches and bruises seem come reinforce a watch that blood is below the surface ar of the skin, pour it until it is full the spaces inside the body (like a bag the blood).

You are watching: A group of cells working together to do a job

Older children are more likely to be able to list a huge number of organs but may not completely understand the function or interconnected nature of these. For example, student at these levels might realise that the love is a pump however not realise that the blood return to the heart, or castle may think that the brain helps the human body parts however not always realise the the human body helps the brain.

Research: Fleer & continuous (1996), Gellert (1962), Carey (1985)

Scientific view

To survive and also reproduce, the person body counts on significant internal human body organs to perform certain an important functions. Once two or more organs in addition to their connected structures occupational together they come to be component components of a human body system.

Some the the easily recognisable internal organs and their connected functions are:

The brain

The mind is the regulate centre that the worried system and is located within the skull. That functions include muscle control and coordination, sensory reception and also integration, speech production, memory storage, and also the elaboration of thought and emotion.

The lungs

The lungs are two sponge-like, cone-shaped frameworks that fill most of the chest cavity. Their essential role is to carry out oxygen indigenous inhaled air to the bloodstream and also to breath carbon dioxide.

The liver

The liver lies on the ideal side of the abdominal cavity in ~ the diaphragm. Its main duty is to procedure the contents of the blood to ensure composition continues to be the same. This process involves breaking down fats, producing urea, filtering harmful substances and maintaining a ideal level of glucose in the blood.

The bladder

The bladder is a muscular organ situated in the cavity. It follow me to save urine and contracts to release urine.

The kidneys

The kidneys room two bean-shaped organs situated at the back of the abdominal muscle cavity, one on every side of the spinal column. Their role is to preserve the body’s chemical balance by excreting garbage products and also excess liquid in the form of urine.

The heart

The love is a hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood through the blood ship by repeated, rhythmic contractions.

The stomach

The stomach is a muscular, elastic, pear-shaped bag, lied crosswise in the abdominal cavity in ~ the diaphragm. Its main purpose is cradle of food through production of gastric juices which rest down, mix and also churn the food right into a slim liquid.

The intestines

The intestines space located between the stomach and also the anus and are split into two major sections: the little intestine and the big intestine. The duty of the tiny intestine is to absorb many ingested food. The huge intestine is responsible because that absorption the water and also excretion of solid garbage material.

Critical to teach ideas

Humans might look different but inside they share similar component parts.The human body contains major internal offal or body components which can be conveniently identified. These organs different in size, shape, location and also function.Each organ has actually a specific duty which contributes to the as whole wellbeing that the human body.A group of guts whose work are closely related are frequently referred to together a system.

Explore the relationships in between ideas about internal body organs in the Concept development Maps (Cell Functions).

Building students’ expertise of inner body organs, just how these are linked and also why they job-related together as systems is a complex process. A useful beginning point is to recognize students’ existing ideas and understandings around what is within the body. Using daily experiences to draw out these concepts is constantly powerful, such together recalling visits to the doctor, medical operations/procedures, injuries, clinical imaging/scans, posters and advertising images.

It is useful to check out what inner organs watch like and also where they are situated in stimulate to know the specific duty of each and also how each contributes to maintaining the body alive and also well. Teaching experiences should begin to encourage student to think about how organs work-related together, i.e. Exactly how the work-related of one organ is comparable or contributes come the to work of another. This idea leader to the more complicated idea the body parts form connected solution that contribute to the functioning of the body together a whole.

Teaching activities

Bring the end students’ present ideas

Encourage college student to work in little groups to produce a typical drawing of what castle know around the inside of the human being body. Take into consideration providing each group with an synopsis of a person body or have actually students trace roughly a group member lying on a big sheet the paper. Certain students think about the location, size and shape of body parts in your drawings. Have actually students incorporate labels naming every internal component and consider getting the teams to study information about each organ.

Share intellectual control

Provide every student team with at the very least three strips of paper. Have each team list three questions that emerged as they to be completing their drawings, focusing on things they realised they didn’t know.

Display body drawings and also discuss similarities and differences in between each group’s representations. Display screen the concerns and include further concerns to the list together they happen from these discussions and observations. As a class, finish a bundling task sorting the questions. College student should discuss what groupings to use.

These questions deserve to then educate planning of additional investigations. Revisit these concerns at the finish of every session and also respond where appropriate with brand-new information.

Clarify and consolidate concepts for/by communication to others

By making use of a jigsaw strategy, students relocate from ‘home’ teams to ‘expert’ groups, and also then ago to ‘home’ groups to collect and share much more detailed information around internal body organs. Working in ‘expert’ groups, students study a details internal organ of the human body. As a an outcome of the experiences noted in this ‘expert’ group, each team member must be able to explain wherein the organ is located, describe/represent the observable attributes of the organ and explain what the organ does because that the human body and also why the is important.

When functioning in experienced groups it might be valuable for students to:

access useful websites, scientific research texts and visual imagesexplore scientific modelsexamine pet organs (following regulated wellness protocols)construct straightforward models with materials like plasticinecomplete an easy investigations which demonstrate crucial features and functions the the body organ they are investigating.

Each member climate returns come the ‘home’ group and shares your expertise, ‘teaching’ their colleagues this brand-new information. Following skilled presentations the ‘home’ group returns to their original body drawing and adds new information. These transforming body displays become an integral part of the ongoing investigation and also demonstrate a dynamic, an altering display.

Promote enjoy on and clarification of present ideas

To help students to build richer personal meanings because that ideas and also concepts connected to inner body offal encourage castle to complete sentence stems. Sentence stems space incomplete statements designed to provide a structure for insights and also observations. Some examples are: ‘The liver is…’ ‘The liver can…’ ‘A heart has…’ ‘The lungs can…’

Encourage students come write brief stories around one that the offal they have investigated, with a emphasis of ‘a work in the life’ of that organ.

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Challenge part existing ideas and also focus attention on hitherto overlooked detail

When student are familiar with a range of major internal organs, provide tasks that encourage student to take into consideration how one organ is comparable to or contributes to the occupational of another organ. Questioning students concerns such as, ‘How is this like/not choose a similar organ?’ This urges students to consider similarities and also differences which lock may generally overlook. Various other questions could include:

How are the stomach and also bladder alike? how do they differ?How space the kidneys and the liver alike? exactly how do lock differ?How is the huge intestine like a tea strainer?How is the heart not choose a bicycle pump but much more like an air mattress foot pump?

Identify diseases and also conditions commonly linked with each significant organ, such as heart attack, asthma, stomach ulcer, etc. Talk about contributing components to these, such as inherited conditions. Explore how medication has occurred effective treatments for plenty of of these, for instance transplants, mechanically hearts and medication.​

Further resources

Science associated interactive discovering objects can be found on the FUSE Teacher sources page.

To access the interactive discovering object below, teachers must login to FUSE and search through Learning source ID:

Human Body – students work through a collection of four learning objects about the framework and function of the human being body. Castle compare human beings with other animals to discover adaptation to environments.Learning resource ID: K6MKAS